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an elementary, distinct genetic trait that is distinguishable in the phenotype of a given individual. The term was introduced in 1909 by the Danish geneticist W. Johannsen. Beginning in the 1960’s, it has been used in studies on population zoology and population botany to designate characters (markers) of the genotypic composition of populations, an approach permitting a genetic analysis of those species whose genetic investigation would otherwise be difficult or impossible. The isolation and classification of phenes is a major trend of research in genetics and population biology. The study of the distribution of phenes within populations and species is the task of phenogeography.


Timofeev-Resovskii, N. V., and A. V. Iablokov. “Feny, fenetika i evoliutsionnaia biologiia.” Priroda, 1973, no. 5.
Johannsen, W. Elemente der exakten Erblichkeitslehre mit Grundzügen der biologischen Variationsstatistik, 3rd ed. Jena, 1926.


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External collaboration is critical for achieving an effective innovation sourcing process (Almeida and Phene 2004; Azadegan and Dooley 2010).
A device that can sense the SWT in situ and produce an electrical output signal can be used to control irrigation automatically (Ayars 6 Phene, 2007).
Analyzing networking of a multinational's subsidiary in its host country helps understand how this company built its partnering and consequently developed its know-how and capabilities, which is positive for the parent company, considering that the results are transferred to it later (Almeida & Phene, 2004).
A local said Tenniswood and Best were regularly seen drinking together in the Phene Arms, now renamed The Phene.
The Phene Arms in Chelsea, once a favourite local of footballer George Best and poet Dylan Thomas, was earmarked for property development project.
Repeated clomi phene citrate challenge testing in the prediction of outcome in IVF: a comparison with basal markers for ovarian reserve.
The Raman spectrum of a SWCNT bears similarity to graphene, which is not surprising as it is simply a rolled up sheet of gra phene.
Further research about how subsidiaries collect knowledge states that subsidiaries' linkages and the linkage density are very important in regards to performance and influence within the corporate network (Almeida & Phene, 2004; Luo & Zhao, 2004).
Por ejemplo, el traslado de ingenieros, expertos y personal variado entre las subsidiarias en regiones especializadas en tecnologia, crea un vinculo positivo entre la CMN y el Estado receptor (Almeida & Phene, 2004).
51) In a letter to Martin-Harvey following his 1907 production of Great Possessions, as recorded in his autobiography, the architect Phene Spiers wrote: 'Some years ago Professor Herkomer organized a play at Bushey, in which he recognized that the lighting was, after all, the most important element in a scene, and yours is the first occasion I have seen it so successfully managed on the [professional] stage.