Philip Massinger


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Massinger, Philip

(măs`ənjər), 1583–1640, English dramatist, b. Salisbury. He studied at Oxford (1602–6) but left without a degree, apparently to go to London to write plays. A prolific writer, Massinger wrote more than 40 plays (often in collaboration). He is best known for the comedies A New Way to Pay Old Debts (1625) and The City Madam (1632), in which the gluttony of the two central characters leads to tragic consequences. His other extant works, most of which were produced between 1620 and 1630, include the romantic dramas The Duke of Milan and The Great Duke of Florence and the tragicomedies The Fatal Dowry (with Nathaniel Field), The Virgin Martyr (with Thomas DekkerDekker, Thomas,
c,1570–1632, English dramatist and pamphleteer. Little is known of his life except that he frequently suffered from poverty and served several prison terms for debt. He began his literary career c.1598 working for Philip Henslowe.
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), and The Bondman. A sober, meticulous writer, Massinger was a harsh moralist and frequently employed humorhumor,
according to ancient theory, any of four bodily fluids that determined human health and temperament. Hippocrates postulated that an imbalance among the humors (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile) resulted in pain and disease, and that good health was achieved
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 characters to illustrate the evils of a frivolous and avaricious society.

Bibliography

See studies by A. H. Cruickshank (1920, repr. 1971), T. A. Dunn (1957), D. Howard (1985), and D. Adler (1987).

References in periodicals archive ?
The paradox of this first page is that Philip Massinger achieved renown during his lifetime and today is included in seventeenth-century studies.
Beaumont's hand also probably appears in three other plays written together with Fletcher and Philip Massinger.
She identifies her approach to the drama as more "oppositional" than those of influential critics such as Martin Butler, but she is careful to insist that playwrights such as Ben Jonson, Richard Brome, Philip Massinger, John Ford, or James Shirley offered challenges not to Charles's "position as monarch" but rather to "his ability to act above, beyond or outside the established laws of the country" (9).
In chapters on the city comedy and satire, Sanders moves away from a heavy sampling of Shakespearean drama to plays by Ben Jonson, Thomas Middleton, Philip Massinger, and Richard Brome (to name a few).
Lowin's repertoire included playing Domitianus Caesar in The Roman Actor, a new play that Philip Massinger brought to the stage upon taking over as lead playwright after Fletcher's death.
Playwrights considered are Samuel Daniel, John Fletcher, John Ford, Thomas Heywood, John Lyly, Philip Massinger, John Webster, Ben Johnson, and William Shakespeare.
The play by Philip Massinger is being staged by the Royal Shakespeare Company in Stratford and Ian has had to add missing sections.
John Fletcher and Philip Massinger, The Custom of the Country; Thomas Middleton, A Mad World, My Masters.
Few seventeenth-century playwrights scem as overdue for critical recuperation as Philip Massinger.
In collaboration with Philip Massinger, he wrote The Bloody Brother (1615?
Following the opening survey, the four main chapters each address a single play: Titus Andronicus and Hamlet by William Shakespeare, Catiline his Conspiracy by Ben Jonson, and The Roman Actor by Philip Massinger.
Lawless, Philip Massinger and His Associates (Muncie, IN: Ball State University Press, 1967), 8-9, 63-64.