Philip the Good


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Related to Philip the Good: Philip the Handsome, Philippe le Bon

Philip the Good,

1396–1467, duke of Burgundy (1419–67); son of Duke John the FearlessJohn the Fearless,
1371–1419, duke of Burgundy (1404–19); son of Philip the Bold. He fought against the Turks at Nikopol in 1396 and was a prisoner for a year until he was ransomed.
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. After his father was murdered (1419) at a meeting with the dauphin (later King Charles VIICharles VII
(Charles the Well Served), 1403–61, king of France (1422–61), son and successor of Charles VI. His reign saw the end of the Hundred Years War. Although excluded from the throne by the Treaty of Troyes, Charles took the royal title after his father's death
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 of France), Philip formed an alliance with King Henry V of England. Under the Treaty of Troyes (1420; see Troyes, Treaty ofTroyes, Treaty of,
1420, agreement between Henry V of England, Charles VI of France, and Philip the Good of Burgundy. Its purpose, ultimately unsuccessful, was to settle the issues of the Hundred Years War.
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) Philip recognized Henry V as heir to the French throne; the dauphin was disinherited. Philip aided the efforts of Henry and his successor to establish English rule in France. Finally, in return for important concessions, Philip ended the English alliance and made peace with Charles VII in the Treaty of Arras (1435; see Arras, Treaty ofArras, Treaty of.
1 Treaty of 1435, between King Charles VII of France and Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy. Through it, France and Burgundy became reconciled. Philip deserted his English allies and recognized Charles as king of France.
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). Despite the truce, Philip's relations with Charles were not always amicable. He temporarily supported (1440) the rebellious nobles in the PragueriePraguerie
, 1440, revolt against King Charles VII of France, so called in allusion to the Hussite uprising in Prague. It was led by several great feudal lords, including the comte de Dunois, who resented the diminution of their influence over the royal government.
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 and gave asylum to the dauphin (later King Louis XI), who was constantly in revolt against his father. During Philip's reign the territory of his duchy was more than doubled. Through inheritance, treaty, conquest, and purchase he acquired Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland, Friesland, Brabant, Limburg, Namur, Luxembourg, Liège, Cambrai, and numerous other cities and feudal dependencies. Uprisings in Bruges (1436) and in Ghent (1450–53) were suppressed. In 1463, Philip was forced to return some of his holdings to Louis XI. His vow (1454) to go on crusade was never fulfilled. Philip's court was the most splendid in the Western Europe of his time. He was succeeded by his ambitious son, Charles the BoldCharles the Bold,
1433–77, last reigning duke of Burgundy (1467–77), son and successor of Philip the Good. As the count of Charolais before his accession, he opposed the growing power of King Louis XI of France by joining (1465) the League of Public Weal.
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, who took control of the government from Philip in 1465.

Bibliography

See biography by R. Vaughan (1970); J. L. A. Calmette, The Golden Age of Burgundy (1949, tr. 1962).

Philip the Good

 

(Philip III of Burgundy). Born July 31, 1396, in Dijon; died June 15, 1467, in Bruges. Duke of Burgundy from 1419.

During the Hundred Years’ War of 1337–1453, Philip the Good was first (from 1419) an ally of the English. As such, he took part in the siege of Compiègne (1430), during which Joan of Arc was taken prisoner. In 1435 he went over to the French side and, by the Treaty of Arras, received Picardy in return for recognizing Charles VII as the lawful ruler of France. Philip significantly enlarged his holdings through marriages, money, and clever diplomacy: in 1421 he annexed the county of Namur, between 1428 and 1433 the counties of Hainault, Zeeland, and Holland, in 1430 the duchies of Brabant and Limburg, and between 1431 and 1443 the duchy of Luxembourg.

Philip the Good

1396--1467, duke of Burgundy (1419--67), under whose rule Burgundy was one of the most powerful states in Europe
References in periodicals archive ?
The literary output of the mid-fifteenth-century Burgundian court under Philip the Good (1419-68) was characterized by the phenomenon of the mise en prose.
The discussion of the diptych in Pittsburgh, mentioned above, is one example, as is the description of the miniature of Philip the Good at Mass, which Pearson discussed in her 2000 Sixteenth Century Journal article, "Personal Worship, Gender, and the Devotional Portrait Diptych.
There are portraits or representations of Dufay, Binchois, Ockeghem, Obrecht, Josquin, Willaert, Lassus, Rore and Monte, to name only the most famous composers, and of Philip the Good, Ercole I d'Este, Charles V, Margaret of Austria and Albert V of Bavaria among the patrons, as well as an astonishing number of full-colour reproductions of manuscripts and prints, of which perhaps the best known are the Cordiforme and Escorial chansonniers, the Chigi Codex and its `twin', Brussels 9126, Brussels 5557 and 11239, and the Medici and Mielich codices.
Chastellain served Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, as a soldier and later entered Philip's household.
2 Which exclusive chivalric order was founded by Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy in 1430?
Gustav Kunstler, who--largely on the basis of a questionable theory about the use of the motto Als Ich Kan on this triptych--thought that the donor was none other than Van Eyck himself, certainly did so; he portrayed the painter/donor as a crusade-enthusiast, cited Van Eyck's close proximity to, and intimacy with, that zealous (but untried) crusader, Duke Philip the Good, for whom he went on secret missions, perhaps concerned with plans for a Holy War, and produced a (now lost) Mappa Mundi possibly with the same end in mind.
At the age of 40 he became court painter to the Duke of Burgundy, Philip the Good.
The visions of Bridget of Sweden, Ida of Louvain, and others are cited, as well as those of the less-familiar Colette of Corbie, who was the contemporary of Philip the Good and Isabel of Portugal.
This was the worst thing that could have happened; it shocked European opinion and John was succeeded by an able, adult son, Duke Philip the Good.
By 1435, his son and grandson--John the Fearless (1404-19) and Philip the Good (1419-67)--had added the rest of the southern and northern Low Countries to their dominions.
Penny Howell Jolly, for example, suggests that Jan van Eyck took an Italian pilgrimage for duke Philip the Good, during which he saw the miraculous Annunciation in Santa Annunziata in Florence.