Philistia


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Philistia

(fĭlĭs`tyə), region of SW ancient Palestine, comprising a coastal strip along the Mediterranean and a portion of S Canaan. The chief cities of Philistia were Gaza, Ashqelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath; strategically located on the great commercial route from Egypt to Syria, they formed a confederacy. In the Bible the great Hebrew antagonists of the Philistines are SamsonSamson,
in the Bible, judge of Israel. His long hair was a symbol of his vows to God, and because of this covenant Samson was strong. The enemies of his people, the Philistines, accomplished his destruction through the woman Delilah.
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, SaulSaul,
first king of the ancient Hebrews. He was a Benjamite and anointed king by Samuel. Saul's territory was probably limited to the hill country of Judah and the region to the north, and his proximity to the Philistines brought him into constant conflict with them.
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, and DavidDavid,
d. c.970 B.C., king of ancient Israel (c.1010–970 B.C.), successor of Saul. The Book of First Samuel introduces him as the youngest of eight sons who is anointed king by Samuel to replace Saul, who had been deemed a failure.
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. Philistines were independent at the time of AmosAmos
, prophetic book of the Bible. The majority of its oracles are chronologically earlier than those of the Bible's other prophetic books. His activity is dated c.760 B.C.
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, and the Jews never really conquered them. Philistia was laid under tribute by Assyria, and the invasion of Palestine by SennacheribSennacherib
or Senherib,
d. 681 B.C., king of Assyria (705–681 B.C.). The son of Sargon, Sennacherib spent most of his reign fighting to maintain the empire established by his father.
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 was brought on by Hezekiah's imprisonment of the Assyrian tributary, the king of Ekron.

Bibliography

See A. R. Burn, Minoans, Philistines, and Greeks (1930, repr. 1968); R. Macalister, The Philistines (1965).

Philistia

an ancient country on the coast of SW Palestine
References in periodicals archive ?
Phoenicia, Philistia, and even Judah were part of this flourishing economy, which participated in the Mediterranean economic system, but the territories that had previously formed part of the kingdom of Israel and were now Assyrian provinces did not, being left out of this prosperity.
sees (for another instance) the polytheism of Philistia as inevitably flowing from and leading to an oppressive social system.
Black Colleges and Universities: The Road to Philistia, The Negro Review, 59(12), 9-21.
If you believe a non-entity has every right to fight for its own land, do you also believe that reinstating the ancient areas of Samaria and Philistia would end the schismatic problems of Israel?
Palestine is a Romanization of Philistia, the home of the Philistines, who were already there when Abraham arrived from Mesopotamia around 1900 BC.
Assyrian control of Philistia's trade was a critical goal of this campaign, and the attack on Philistia was meant to prevent Philistine control of "the lucrative Levantine trade routes and ports along the Mediterranean coast.
With the fall of Israel the b'l element disappears from this area but is still found at three sites, two in Philistia and one in Transjordan.
Tabalu, a number of Phoenician cities (Arwada, Gubla, Samsimurruna, and Surru), Philistia (Asdudu, Isqaluna, Amqarruna, Hazzat), Judah (Jaudu) and the Transjordanian states (Bit-Amman.
Other Assyrian administrative personnel were stationed in Philistia, as overseers at Gaza and Ashdod.
103) Judah's western boundary was defined by the cities of Philistia, which remained under the control of Assyria.
returning of the Ark of the Covenant from Philistia to Judea (1 Samuel 6:12)
Unlike the huge amount of Assyrian pottery and material culture found in the cities they had conquered, there is no evidence of Babylonian material in the cities of Philistia or Judah.