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Phocion(fō`shən), c.402–318 B.C., Athenian general. He served successfully against the forces of Philip of Macedon—in Euboea (now Évvoia; 348 B.C.) and at Byzantium (339), when he forced Philip to abandon his siege of that city. In Athens, Phocion was a leader of the party that urged conciliation with the Macedonians; he was opposed by Demosthenes. When the Athenians refused to comply with Alexander's demand for the surrender of Demosthenes, Phocion led a successful embassy of conciliation to Alexander. In the turmoil following the death of AntipaterAntipater
, d. 319 B.C., Macedonian general. He was one of the ablest and most trusted lieutenants of Philip II and was a friend and supporter of Alexander the Great. When Alexander went on his Asian campaign, Antipater was left as regent (334–323 B.C.) in Macedon.
..... Click the link for more information. (319), Phocion intrigued with CassanderCassander
, 358–297 B.C., king of Macedon, one of the chief figures in the wars of the Diadochi. The son of Antipater, he was an officer under Alexander the Great, but there was ill feeling between them.
..... Click the link for more information. . Later, when the Athenian democracy, which had been curtailed by Antipater, was restored, the democrats forced Phocion to drink hemlock; shortly after his death, however, they raised a statue in his honor.
Born 397 B.C.; died 317 B.C. Athenian general and political figure.
Phocion was elected strategus 45 times. He sided with the oligarchic pro-Macedonian party against the democratic anti-Macedonian party led by Demosthenes and supported the policies of the Macedonian rulers Philip II and Alexander the Great. In 317 B.C., Phocion was charged with treason and, in accordance with the verdict of the Athenian Popular Assembly, was executed.