Phocion


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Phocion

(fō`shən), c.402–318 B.C., Athenian general. He served successfully against the forces of Philip of Macedon—in Euboea (now Évvoia; 348 B.C.) and at Byzantium (339), when he forced Philip to abandon his siege of that city. In Athens, Phocion was a leader of the party that urged conciliation with the Macedonians; he was opposed by Demosthenes. When the Athenians refused to comply with Alexander's demand for the surrender of Demosthenes, Phocion led a successful embassy of conciliation to Alexander. In the turmoil following the death of AntipaterAntipater
, d. 319 B.C., Macedonian general. He was one of the ablest and most trusted lieutenants of Philip II and was a friend and supporter of Alexander the Great. When Alexander went on his Asian campaign, Antipater was left as regent (334–323 B.C.) in Macedon.
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 (319), Phocion intrigued with CassanderCassander
, 358–297 B.C., king of Macedon, one of the chief figures in the wars of the Diadochi. The son of Antipater, he was an officer under Alexander the Great, but there was ill feeling between them.
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. Later, when the Athenian democracy, which had been curtailed by Antipater, was restored, the democrats forced Phocion to drink hemlock; shortly after his death, however, they raised a statue in his honor.

Phocion

 

Born 397 B.C.; died 317 B.C. Athenian general and political figure.

Phocion was elected strategus 45 times. He sided with the oligarchic pro-Macedonian party against the democratic anti-Macedonian party led by Demosthenes and supported the policies of the Macedonian rulers Philip II and Alexander the Great. In 317 B.C., Phocion was charged with treason and, in accordance with the verdict of the Athenian Popular Assembly, was executed.

References in periodicals archive ?
ALEXANDER HAMILTON, A Second Letter from Phocion (1784),
Phocion was the one man who disagreed with his countrymen about an Athenian decision to go to war, and who thereby fulfilled the oracle that had predicted such a unique example of dissent emerging from the Athenian polis.
The story behind the painting is that the Greek general Phocion, having been executed on a false charge of treason, had his body burned into ashes outside of Athens.
Helen McCrory is not always easy to hear but she carries the play as the nicely boyish Leonide whose alias is Phocion.
example, A Letter from Phocion to the Considerate Citizens of New York
L: Perseus and Andromeda by Frederic Leighton; M: Christ Discovered in the Temple by Simone Martini; N: Landscaping with the Ashes of Phocion by Nicholas Poussin.
As well as this, the permanent collection has been re-hung, with extra space for the display of contemporary art and two other galleries, to showcase classic treasures such as Rembrandt's Self Portrait as a Young Man and Poussin's Landscape with the Ashes of Phocion.
Among the paintings by Poussin in private hands in the UK is another celebrated masterpiece, Landscape with the Funeral of Phocion (1648), owned by the Earl of Plymouth and on long-term loan to the National Museum of Wales.