Phocion


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Phocion

(fō`shən), c.402–318 B.C., Athenian general. He served successfully against the forces of Philip of Macedon—in Euboea (now Évvoia; 348 B.C.) and at Byzantium (339), when he forced Philip to abandon his siege of that city. In Athens, Phocion was a leader of the party that urged conciliation with the Macedonians; he was opposed by Demosthenes. When the Athenians refused to comply with Alexander's demand for the surrender of Demosthenes, Phocion led a successful embassy of conciliation to Alexander. In the turmoil following the death of AntipaterAntipater
, d. 319 B.C., Macedonian general. He was one of the ablest and most trusted lieutenants of Philip II and was a friend and supporter of Alexander the Great. When Alexander went on his Asian campaign, Antipater was left as regent (334–323 B.C.) in Macedon.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (319), Phocion intrigued with CassanderCassander
, 358–297 B.C., king of Macedon, one of the chief figures in the wars of the Diadochi. The son of Antipater, he was an officer under Alexander the Great, but there was ill feeling between them.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Later, when the Athenian democracy, which had been curtailed by Antipater, was restored, the democrats forced Phocion to drink hemlock; shortly after his death, however, they raised a statue in his honor.

Phocion

 

Born 397 B.C.; died 317 B.C. Athenian general and political figure.

Phocion was elected strategus 45 times. He sided with the oligarchic pro-Macedonian party against the democratic anti-Macedonian party led by Demosthenes and supported the policies of the Macedonian rulers Philip II and Alexander the Great. In 317 B.C., Phocion was charged with treason and, in accordance with the verdict of the Athenian Popular Assembly, was executed.

References in periodicals archive ?
On natural law, reference is often made to Phocion Franceskakis, Droit naturel et droit international prive in 1 MELANGES OFFERTS A JACQUES MAURY 113, 129 (1960).
Phocion was the one man who disagreed with his countrymen about an Athenian decision to go to war, and who thereby fulfilled the oracle that had predicted such a unique example of dissent emerging from the Athenian polis.
The full quote is from Alexander Hamilton, A Letter from Phocion to the Considerate Citizen of New York, reprinted in 3 THE PAPERS OF ALEXANDER HAMILTON 485 (Harold C.
Cairo's leading antiquities dealer, Cypriot Phocion J.
Yes, Hamilton spoke and wrote passionately about natural rights as a sixteen-year-old revolutionary in his essays" A Full Vindication" and "The Farmer Refuted" But those rights are central to his arguments for clemency toward defeated Tories in his later Phocion essays, and in The Federalist are the ends that the American Union is meant to secure.
Nothing, indeed, can be a stronger presumption of falsehood than the approbation of the multitude; and Phocion, you know, always suspected himself of some blunder, when he was attended with the applauses of the multitude.
Landscape with the Ashes of Phocion is one of the great paintings in the Walker, a work by the Frenchborn painter Nicolas Poussin (15941665) which celebrates his taste for classical subjects and his wonderful ability with landscapes.
Given that women, aside from spinsterish Leontine, are frowned upon in Hermocrate's domain, the pair pass themselves off as traveling philosopher Phocion and his valet to gain access.
Plutarch related an encounter between the Athenian statesman Phocion (402/1318BC) and one of these would-be Spartans.
This act of tending the dead and registering the injustice of the world's lack of response to the genocide of the Jews may be compared to Rose's commentary on Poussin's Gathering the Ashes of Phocion.
On New York, see A Letter from Phocion to the Considerate Citizens of New York, in 3 PAPERS OF ALEXANDER HAMILTON, 1782-1786, at 483 (Harold C.
Mucho menos probable es que se trate de los Entretiens de Phocion, sur le rapport de la morale avec la politique (1763), obra que habia tenido ya dos traducciones al espanol, una en 1781 y otra en 1788.