Phocis


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Phocis

(fō`sĭs), ancient region of central Greece. It included Delphi, Mt. Parnassus, and Elatea; Boeotia (now Voiotía) was on the east, and the Gulf of Corinth was on the south. After the First Sacred War of c.590 B.C. ("sacred" because it involved the oracle of Delphi), Phocis lost control of Delphi to a council of states. With Athenian help Phocis regained (457 B.C.) hold of Delphi, thus precipitating the Second Sacred War. Early in the next century Phocis passed under Theban control. The Third Sacred War (355–346 B.C.) began with Phocis trying to reestablish itself and ended with the victory of Philip IIPhilip II,
382–336 B.C., king of Macedon (359–336 B.C.), son of Amyntas II. While a hostage in Thebes (367–364), he gained much knowledge of Greece and its people.
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 of Macedon, who thereby became arbiter of Greece.

Phocis

 

a district in central Greece.

At least 22 cities are known to have existed on Phocian territory in antiquity. Of these, the most famous were Delphi and Elatea. The Panhellenic sanctuary of Apollo and the oracle of Delphi were located in Phocis. This circumstance, along with the region’s economically and strategically advantageous location, involved the Phocians in the struggles of the tribes and city-states of ancient Greece. Little is known of the internal history of Phocis prior to the fourth century B.C. The Phocians belonged to the Delphic-Pylaean amphictyony and took part in a number of Sacred Wars.

In modern Greece Phocis (Fokis) is a nome; it includes part of the territory of the ancient district.

Phocis

an ancient district of central Greece, on the Gulf of Corinth: site of the Delphic oracle
References in periodicals archive ?
Total quantity or scope: 49 types of bus small, large, MD passenger (eg taxis) for transfer students the A / primary and secondary / tertiary education in schools spatial regional unit Phocis jurisdiction (section 1 has 13 routes, part 2 has 11 routes and section 3-49 are one way) .
The Rosette bowl, which was previously attested outside the Argolid only at Teichos Dymaion and the Menelaion, (155) is now known also from the Corinthia (Tsoungiza), Boiotia (Thebes), and Phocis (Krisa).
66) In the fighting in Phocis before the arrival of Mummius, a contingent of troops supplied by the synteleia of Patrae, which included Dyme,' suffered a particularly noteworthy disaster.
It lay in the territory of Phocis on the steep lower slope of Mount Parnassus.
Septimius during the fourth century,(18) Dictys, though agreeing on the whole with the account in the Epic Cycle, puts much more emphasis on the role of Crete: Atreus is the son of Minos, and he dies in Crete; Menelaus is in Crete when Paris visits Sparta and abducts Helen; Orestes seeks refuge with Idomeneus in Crete and leaves from there for Athens and Phocis, eventually to avenge his father; Menelaus stops in Crete with Helen on his return from Egypt and is informed of Orestes' situation; Idomeneus later reconciles a difference between Menelaus and Orestes, and Menelaus then promises Orestes his daughter Hermione.
Under considerable provocation, he counterattacked and killed his father, who was riding a coach at the crossroads of Phocis, and who was at that time anonymous to Oedipus.
Orestes, young son of Agamemnon, was sent by a relative to Phocis before Aegisthus could destroy him, Electra, the daughter, remained, but was given in marriage to an old peasant, lest she marry a warrior powerful enough to avenge her father's death.
Macrovision UK, a subsidiary of Macrovision Corporation of Sunnyvale, California (Nasdaq:MVSN), a leading provider of digital rights management (DRM) and copy protection technologies, announced today that Phocis Ltd, a leading European digital commerce company, has signed a three-year license for Macrovision's SAFECAST(TM) DRM product to provide the protection and encryption component for Phocis' authorit-e software.
As for the father's fate, Laius was murdered in Phocis "by foreign highway robbers / at a place where three roads meet" (715-16).
25) The purpose of Philip was to ensure the collaboration of the Thessalian League in bringing the Sacred War to an end and the full support of the representatives of the Thessalians and the neighbouring 'tribes' on the Council of the Amphictyonic League, which (he foresaw) would decide the fate of Phocis.
Learning that the three roads met in Phocis, he began to suspect that he was, after all, the murderer.
If she herself thought action was necessary, she proceeded without delay and summoned the allies to join in the campaign, as can be seen in the way Sparta acted in support of Phocis in 395 (Xen.