phospholipase

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Related to Phospholipases: Phospholipase B

phospholipase

[¦fäs·fō′lī‚pās]
(biochemistry)
An enzyme that catalyzes a hydrolysis of a phospholipid, especially a lecithinase that acts in this manner on a lecithin.
References in periodicals archive ?
1999) On the diversity of secreted phospholipases [A.
Phospholipases are basically classified into four groups depending on the site of ester bond attacked i.
In contrast, the roles of lipases and phospholipases in virulence remain widely unexplored.
To test for virulence factors, assays for adherence, plasma coagulase, phospholipase, lipase, protease, hemolysin, and biofilm formation were carried out.
Cytotoxin lytic activity in synergy with various phospholipases of cobra venom was also reported (Chaim-Matyas et al.
Major determinants of virulence are dimorphic switching (Yang, 2003), secretion of hydrolytic enzymes such as proteinases and phospholipases.
Patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 8 (PNPLA8) belongs to membrane-associated calcium-independent phospholipase A2.
isolates, such as the activity of extracellular enzymes (proteinases, phospholipases, and hemolysins), adherence on mammalian cells (Vero), and cell-surface hydrophobicity were investigated.
Snake venom phospholipases A2 (PLA2) show myotoxic activity and also evoke inflammatory and nociceptive responses (12).
A specialist in brain phospholipases, lipid mediators, glutamate neurotoxicity, and neurological disorders, Farooqui summarizes the current knowledge about neurochemical aspects of trauma such as stroke and head injury and disease such as Alzheimer's and prion disease.