Pydna

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Pydna

(pĭd`nə), ancient town of Pieria, S Macedonia, near the Gulf of Salonica (now Thessaloníki). Nearby in 168 B.C. the Romans under Aemilius PaullusPaullus, Aemilius
(Lucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus) , c.229–160 B.C., Roman general. He was curule aedile (193 B.C.), praetor (191), and consul (182). In his consulship he conquered the Inguani, a Ligurian people.
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 defeated the Macedonians under PerseusPerseus,
c.212–166 B.C., last king of Macedon (179–168 B.C.), son and successor of Philip V. He intrigued against his younger brother, Demetrius, eventually bringing about the latter's execution by Philip V.
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 and thus ended the kingdom of Macedon.

Pydna

 

a city in ancient Macedonia near the Gulf of Ther-maikos (Salonika).

Outside Pydna on June 22–23, 168 B.C., the decisive battle of the Third Macedonian War of 171–168 B.C. took place. Roman troops (26,000) under the command of the consul L. Aemilius Paullus routed the 40,000-man Macedonian army of King Perseus, who lost 20,000 in dead and 11,000 in captured. The victory of the Romans was due to the superiority of the Roman maniple formation as compared to the tactics of the slow-moving Macedonian phalanx. The battle of Pydna led to the complete subjugation of Macedonia by Rome.

Pydna

a town in ancient Macedonia: site of a major Roman victory over the Macedonians, resulting in the downfall of their kingdom (168 bc)
References in periodicals archive ?
Este hecho, junto con el desplazamiento del campamento romano a Pidna, provoco la inmediata rendicion de diversas ciudades (62): en primer lugar se rindio Berea, luego lo hicieron Tesalonica y Pela y, finalmente, se entregaron el resto de ciudades de Macedonia (63).
Tras el final de Reino de Macedonia en la batalla de Pidna, quedaba pendiente la situacion en el Epiro, que el Senado decidiria abordar en 167, enviando una carta al proconsul, L.
No es nuestro objetivo abordar la controversia surgida en torno a la figura del vencedor de Pidna, en especial debido a la problematica suscitada por ciertas opiniones radicales que proponen que el Emilio <<historico>> fue un general poco habil y profundamente inhumano80.
Se explicaria asi la decision de Emilio Paulo de enviar guarniciones a las ciudades que se habian entregado en los momentos posteriores de la conquista de Pidna, como tambien justificaria el saqueo de esta ultima, orientado a conseguir el mayor beneficio posible de la campana (88), una practica que ya se constata en conflictos anteriores en la zona oriental.
En efecto, las ciudades del Epiro se consideraban dediticias desde unos meses antes de Pidna, cuando L.