Pydna

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Pydna

(pĭd`nə), ancient town of Pieria, S Macedonia, near the Gulf of Salonica (now Thessaloníki). Nearby in 168 B.C. the Romans under Aemilius PaullusPaullus, Aemilius
(Lucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus) , c.229–160 B.C., Roman general. He was curule aedile (193 B.C.), praetor (191), and consul (182). In his consulship he conquered the Inguani, a Ligurian people.
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 defeated the Macedonians under PerseusPerseus,
c.212–166 B.C., last king of Macedon (179–168 B.C.), son and successor of Philip V. He intrigued against his younger brother, Demetrius, eventually bringing about the latter's execution by Philip V.
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 and thus ended the kingdom of Macedon.

Pydna

 

a city in ancient Macedonia near the Gulf of Ther-maikos (Salonika).

Outside Pydna on June 22–23, 168 B.C., the decisive battle of the Third Macedonian War of 171–168 B.C. took place. Roman troops (26,000) under the command of the consul L. Aemilius Paullus routed the 40,000-man Macedonian army of King Perseus, who lost 20,000 in dead and 11,000 in captured. The victory of the Romans was due to the superiority of the Roman maniple formation as compared to the tactics of the slow-moving Macedonian phalanx. The battle of Pydna led to the complete subjugation of Macedonia by Rome.

Pydna

a town in ancient Macedonia: site of a major Roman victory over the Macedonians, resulting in the downfall of their kingdom (168 bc)