Pierre Bayle

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Bayle, Pierre


Born Nov. 18, 1647, in Carla; died Dec. 28, 1706, in Rotterdam. French journalist and philosopher. Early representative of the Enlightenment.

Bayle was a professor at the Academy of Sedan (1675–82) and at Rotterdam University. (1681–92). His world view was formed under the influence of Montaigne’s skepticism, Descartes’s philosophy, and discoveries in the natural sciences made during the 17th century. His principal work is the Historical and Critical Dictionary (vols. 1–2, 1695–97; Russian translation, vols. 1–2, 1968). Bayle proceeded from tolerance and religious indifferentism to religious skepticism and expressed doubt about the possibility of a rational foundation for religious dogmas; he also asserted the independence of morality from religion. Bayle’s skepticism was also extended to philosophy and science, to which he felt only probability, not unconditional, authoritative truth, could be ascribed. The Dictionary played an exceptional role in the development of European freethinking. Bayle’s influence was felt above all by the figures of the French Enlightenment—Voltaire and the Encyclopedists—and also by L. Feuerbach (see Sobr. proizv., vol. 3, Moscow, 1967, pp. 3–318).


Oeuvres diverses, vols. 1–4. The Hague, 1727–31.


Shakhov, A. Vol’ter i ego vremia, 2nd ed. St. Petersburg, 1912.
Pikov, V. P’er Beil’. Moscow, 1933.


References in periodicals archive ?
The author, Pierre Bayle (1647-1706), was raised as a Calvinist, converted to Catholicism, and subsequently returned to the Protestant fold, a pilgrimage of faith that would certainly not have gained him any favour in Rome in the first place.
Pierre Bayle claims morality from shared humanity--the idea that an atheist society is just as moral, which we are still shouting to the rafters.
Three days of lectures are programmed, including presentations by Beatrice Quelle on Chinese imperial cloisonne enamels, and Antoinette Halle on Pierre Bayle and antiquity.
Segun Grafton, esto se produjo "alrededor del 1700 o inmediatamente antes", por ejemplo entre 1695 y 1702, cuando Pierre Bayle publico su seminal Diccionario historico y critico, en el que unas entradas breves y necesariamente asertivas dejaban paso a notas a pie de pagina extensas y a menudo contradictorias respecto a la entrada que anotaban, y que hacian visibles, por primera vez en el discurso historico, las contradicciones y omisiones con las que lidia el historiador, ofreciendo a este (de paso), si no la posibilidad de sortear la censura, si al menos la de que los censores no reparasen en el contenido de esas notas impresas en un tamano menor y, por lo tanto, supuestamente menos relevantes.
The skepticism nurtured by his reading of Pierre Bayle, George Berkeley, and Bernard Mandeville can be seen in both the Treatise and in his later works, but in the later works it would be dressed up with the rhetorical flair of a Joseph Addison or a Samuel Johnson.
Evaluating Strauss' perspectives on early modern philosophy, scholars of philosophy discuss Leo Strauss and the radical Enlightenment; the irrelevance of Straussian hermeneutics; the virtues and vices of Leo Strauss as historian; Leo Strauss' Olympian interpretation: right, self-preservation, and law in the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes; art of writing or art of rewriting: reading Hobbes' De motu against the background of Strauss' interpretation; resurrecting Leo Strauss; Spinoza, Strauss, and the morality of lying for safety and peace; and Pierre Bayle and the red herring.
Ministry spokesman Pierre Bayle said in a press statement that the two-day visit comes in the framework of strengthening the international coalition to combat (Daesh).
PARyS (CyHAN)- French Defence Minister Jean Yves Le Drian will travel to Russia on Sunday to discuss ways to improve military cooperation fighting against the Islamic State (IS) in Syria, the ministry's spokesman Pierre Bayle announced on Thursday.
For Pierre Bayle, however, religious belief can only be considered a putative truth, sustained by the subjective conviction of the believer.
The cultivation and maintenance of a social sphere where sociability and friendship could flourish was not an easy task, but one that Pierre Bayle tried to create and maintain.
He goes on to explain how this "knowing" includes Pierre Bayle and Victor Hugo, Frederic Chopin and Johann Christoph Kessler, as well as how then to translate those experiences into material that he can present before the public.
The various appendices do an outstanding job of helping to put Locke's work in its historical context and include excerpts from writings by William Penn, Baruch Spinoza, and Pierre Bayle.