Pierre Bayle


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Bayle, Pierre

 

Born Nov. 18, 1647, in Carla; died Dec. 28, 1706, in Rotterdam. French journalist and philosopher. Early representative of the Enlightenment.

Bayle was a professor at the Academy of Sedan (1675–82) and at Rotterdam University. (1681–92). His world view was formed under the influence of Montaigne’s skepticism, Descartes’s philosophy, and discoveries in the natural sciences made during the 17th century. His principal work is the Historical and Critical Dictionary (vols. 1–2, 1695–97; Russian translation, vols. 1–2, 1968). Bayle proceeded from tolerance and religious indifferentism to religious skepticism and expressed doubt about the possibility of a rational foundation for religious dogmas; he also asserted the independence of morality from religion. Bayle’s skepticism was also extended to philosophy and science, to which he felt only probability, not unconditional, authoritative truth, could be ascribed. The Dictionary played an exceptional role in the development of European freethinking. Bayle’s influence was felt above all by the figures of the French Enlightenment—Voltaire and the Encyclopedists—and also by L. Feuerbach (see Sobr. proizv., vol. 3, Moscow, 1967, pp. 3–318).

WORKS

Oeuvres diverses, vols. 1–4. The Hague, 1727–31.

REFERENCES

Shakhov, A. Vol’ter i ego vremia, 2nd ed. St. Petersburg, 1912.
Pikov, V. P’er Beil’. Moscow, 1933.

V. V. SOKOLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
La edicion en castellano del Diccionario de Pierre Bayle es un acontecimiento editorial de gran importancia para el mundo de habla hispana, pues esta obra es uno de los grandes clasicos de la filosofia occidental y una de las influencias mas importantes para la Ilustracion francesa.
The present book merely informs us that "he calls himself a philosophical theist in the tradition of Plato, Kant, Pierre Bayle, Charles Peirce, William James, and Miguel de Unamuno.
Pierre Bayle was one of the most famous and thoroughgoing skeptics of his day This fact is difficult to reconcile with his professed Calvinism, the sincerity of which is anybody's guess.
By the late seventeenth century and early eighteenth century critics such as Pierre Bayle and Giambattista Vico both argued against as well as attempted to remedy what they viewed as the politicization of truth.
No student of modern history can deny the religious influence of Pierre Bayle (1647-1706).
published by the French philosopher Pierre Bayle between 1684 and 1687.
His theory was taken up by some of the religiously inclined scientists and was challenged by Pierre Bayle, who sought to show that it could lead to a kind of atheism, since the plastic powers could operate without divine intervention.
And as the seventeenth century French Calvinist Pierre Bayle showed, a footnote can become a powerful tool in philosophical and historical polemics.
The names of Pierre Bayle, Isaac Bickerstaffe, John Campbell, Captain James Cook, Tom Davies, Dr Robert Dossic, Elizabeth I (Queen of England), James Harrington, Dr John McPherson, and the Reverend Mr Thomas Wilson should be added to the list of those upon whom or upon whose works Johnson expressed a critical opinion.
Meanwhile, Defence Ministry spokesman Pierre Bayle said in a regular briefing that the French forces "have the capacity to fulfil instructions" from President Francois Hollande "if a decision is taken to engage French forces in the framework of the Syrian crisis.
Contractor address : Rue Pierre Bayle BP 11548 Cedex 9
Una de las maneras reveladoras de aproximarse al estudio de la Teodicea de Leibniz es enfocarse en la dialectica que se desarrolla en sus paginas entre dos de las grandes figuras de principios de la era moderna, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz y Pierre Bayle.