Pierre Leroux


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Leroux, Pierre

 

Born Apr. 17, 1797, in Bercy, near Paris; died Apr. 11, 1871, in Paris. French philosopher and utopian socialist. One of the founders of Christian socialism.

Leroux was born into a petit bourgeois family. He became a typographical worker. In 1824 he founded the journal Le Globe, which in 1830 became the organ of the followers of Saint-Simon. During the Revolution of 1848–49, Leroux was a member of the constituent and, subsequently, the legislative assembly.

Leroux considered himself a successor to Saint-Simon. He believed that Saint-Simon’s achievement, and his own principal task, was the creation of a science of the “order and organization” of society. According to Leroux, the final goal of human development is equality. Modern society is sharply divided into the third estate and the proletariat, which, according to Leroux, includes the poor and peasant laborers and is striving for unification. Moral transformation is the fundamental condition for social transformation. In the future society, the tyranny of the family, state, and property will be replaced by the complete emancipation of women, self-administration of communes, and eradication of poverty. In the early 1830’s, Leroux introduced the term “socialism.” Leroux’s ideas influenced Lamennais and Hugo and were popular in Russia in the 1840’s.

WORKS

Réfutation de l’éclecticisme. Paris, 1841.
De l’Humanit é, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Paris, 1845.
Discours sur la situation actuelle de la société et de l’esprit humain, vols. 1–2. Boussac, 1847.
Du Christianisme et de son origine démocratique. Boussac, 1848.
De la Ploutocratie. Boussac, 1848.
De l’Égalité. Boussac, 1848.
Job. Paris, 1866.
Malthus et les économistes, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1897.

REFERENCES

Volgin, V. P. “P. Leru: odin iz epigonov sen-simonizma.” In Iz istoriiobshchestvennykh dvizhenii i mezhdunarodnykh otnoshenii. Moscow, 1957.
Mougin, H. P. Leroux. Paris, 1938.
Evans, D. Le Socialisme romantique: P. Leroux et ses contemporains. Paris, 1948.

A. I. VOLODIN

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1832, the socialist philosopher Pierre Leroux first used the French noun proletariat to refer to this class.
I would like to thank Hydro One for their support in our energy conservation efforts, said Mayor Pierre Leroux, Russell Township.
During the ceremony, a bell chimed after each name was read: Yves Langlois, Pierre Leroux, Eric Lloyd, Othon Mangos, Mario Provencher, and Michel Voisard.
According to Pierre Leroux, CEO and designer of mechanical instrumentation at Nanovea, the highly sensitive load cell can detect the exact point of contact so precisely that, for the first time in mechanical hardness testing, the entire indentation test can be automated.
It is no different with measurement technology and is just as crucial if not more," said Pierre Leroux, Nanovea's CEO.
Para esbozar la figura de Napoleon, Reynaud se inspira sin duda alguna en un curioso articulo de Pierre Leroux que apareciera en 1829 en Le Globe (34) y que iba en contra de las opiniones liberales profesadas por el periodico.
Although she recognizes the importance of this particular period of time to the rising of socialism, epitomized in France by names such as Saint-Simon and Pierre Leroux, she offers numerous examples of other political trends that also expressed themselves, at that time, through utopian fiction and discourse (14).
El otro autor que mencionamos arriba es Pierre Leroux, quien elabora diversos articulos sobre la cuestion, reunidos posteriormente en su Refutation de leclectisme, sobre cuya base puede reconstruirse su critica a la "filosofia oficial".
Bulletin de l'Association des Amis de Pierre Leroux 19 (mars 2007).
This introductory chapter gives us a rich overview of figures such as Olympe de Gouges, Charles Fourier, the Saint-Simonian writers, and Pierre Leroux, whose contributions to women's history help understand women's writing as a revolutionary act promoting the dissemination of feminist ideas.
The second flowed from his reading of Pierre Leroux, in whose "doctrine of communion" Brownson found crucial language for working out a philosophy, theology, and social theory rooted in "a sense of the community of humanity" (104-5, 110).
Taking as his subject the writer and socialist Pierre Leroux, Bruno Viard describes how this neglected figure sought to introduce French readers to the Orient.