Pietro Aretino


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Aretino, Pietro

 

Born Apr. 19, 1492, in Arezzo; died Oct. 21, 1556, in Venice. Italian writer and publicist.

Aretino wrote prose comedies about everyday life, including The Blacksmith (1533), Life at Court (1534), La Talanta (1542), The Hypocrite (1542), and The Philosopher (1546). In these comedies he portrayed a gallery of types representing various strata of feudal Roman Catholic society. He criticized the basic principles of this society from a freethinker’s point of view, which was characteristic of the Renaissance. Aretino’s European fame was created by his five Dialogues, three of which were published under the title Discourses (published in 1534, 1536, and 1539). Two of the Discourses attacked the vices of women, whereas the third cynically depicted the morals at court. Aretino’s verse and prose pamphlets (in the form of “predictions”) were directed against rulers and political figures. Because of his burning satires he became famous as the “scourge of princes” and the father of modern journalism. His correspondence (approximately 3,300 letters) is of special interest, since it provides a picture of Italian social and cultural life during the first half of the 16th century (primarily from 1525 to 1556). In 1558 Aretino’s works were included by the Vatican in its Index of Prohibited Books.

WORKS

Opere complete, a cura di F. Flora. [Milan,] 1960.
Lettere scelta, a cura di S. Ortolani. Turin, 1945.
In Russian translation:
In Khrestomatiia po zarubezhnoi literature: Epokha vozro-zhdeniia, vol. 1. Compiled by B. I. Purishev. Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

Dzhivelegov, A. K. Ocherki ital’ianskogo Vozrozhdeniia. Moscow, 1929.
DeSanktis, F. Istoriia ital’ianskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1964.
Cleugh, J. The Divine Aretino, Pietro of Arezzo, 1492–1556: A Biography. [London, 1965.] (Contains a bibliography.)

N. B. TOMASHEVSKH

References in periodicals archive ?
In the first two chapters of the monograph, Giusti examines the meanings and uses of the term courtesan in legal, archival, and personal documents, including travel diaries and epistolary exchanges, as well as in literary representations in the writings of Baldassare Castiglione, Pietro Aretino, and Matteo Bandello, and further exposes how the ambiguity of the term has persisted in recent scholarly interpretations of these documents.
2) Pietro Aretino neither invented the pasquinade genre, nor was the most ferocious of its practitioners, but he claimed Pasquino's voice as his own, and the fearless persona of Pasquino became a means to express his vision of life in the Eternal City and beyond.
The Romanian philosopher, Constantin Antoniade, evoking famous figures of the Cinquecento, that fell in the creation and tensions brought by the transition from the classical era to modernity, the Renaissance humanism, stopped at Pietro Aretino from Venice (1492-1556), presented as first journalist of "modern times and, also the first journalist to blackmail.
11/) Pietro Aretino, The "Ragionamenti' or Dialogues of the Divine Pietro Aretino, 6 vols.
Here, the focus is on the Zoppino dialogue attributed to Pietro Aretino, who also created sonnets to accompany the sexually explicit engravings of Marcantonio Raimondi's 15241 Modi ("postures" or "positions"), Pierre de Bourdeille's Les Vies des Dames Gallantes, Thomas Nashe's "The Choise of Valentines" and "scandalous case details recorded in legal prosecutions" (69).
Seven chapters discuss English stage prototypes of the prostitute figure; the operation of bawdy houses and networks of prostitutes in early modern London; representations of courtesans in a work attributed to Pietro Aretino and in the poem The Choice of Valentines by Thomas Nashe; representations of the continental courtesan in Thomas Kyd's The Spanish Tragedy, Christopher Marlowe's The Jew of Malta, and Thomas Heywood's King Edward IV; the lives of courtesans that Shakespeare may reasonably be thought to have known; and the ways in which some dramatists, such as Shakespeare in Measure for Measure, sought to socially redeem the courtesan by converting her into a wife.
From his evolving business sense and his long friendship with Pietro Aretino, a writer and failed painter, to his penchant for capturing the female form, this is a fine pick for any arts or world history holding.
Por meio do dialogo entre dois interlocutores--o escritor e poeta Pietro Aretino (1492-1556) e o gramatico florentino Giovan Francesco Fabrini (15161580) --Dolce construiu uma critica indireta a obra do historiador florentino Giorgio Vasari, Le vite de'piU eccellenti architetti, pittori, et scultori italiani, da Cimabue, insino a'tempi nostri, publicada em 1550 (VASARI 1986; 2010).
Such is the advice of a prostitute in the Dialoghi (Dialogues) of Pietro Aretino, one of Italy's most infamous sixteenth-century pornographic works.
Pietro Aretino (1492-1556) la llama chietina (14), y, parece ser que en efecto poseia una tendencia natural al recogimiento que progresivamente fue desarrollando.
Miles does not add the ironic twist to this story for nearly a hundred pages: the critic was none other than Pietro Aretino, the "divine Aretino" widely considered to be the father of modern pornography.
Vesalius is not mentioned in any of Titian's surviving letters, nor those of either Pietro Aretino or Annibal Caro.