Pigeon Pea

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Pigeon Pea


(Cajanus indicus), a perennial plant of the legume family, subfamily Papilionaceae. It grows as a bush 0.5–3.5 m high with a coarse uneven ribbed stem. The ternate leaves are elongated and lanceolate with thick fuzz toward the base. The blossoms are large and grow five to nine on each peduncle. The beans are short and flat. The seeds measure 0.5–0.8 mm in diameter.

Pigeon peas have been cultivated for more than 2,500 years. Crops are grown in Southeast and Southwest Asia, in tropical Africa, in Central and South America, and in northern Australia. The young beans are used as food; in nutritional value and taste they resemble green peas. The mature seeds are used to feed stock and fowl. In some countries they are fed to scale insects, producing raw material for making shellac (resin). They are also planted in large numbers as green fertilizer and on slopes to fight erosion. There are test plantings of pigeon peas in the USSR in the southern regions of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and also in Middle Asia.


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Lati has six acres under cultivation and, along with almost 10,000 other farmers in the surrounding area, has all but abandoned maize in favour of drought-tolerant sorghum, cowpeas and pigeon peas, as part of an initiative by the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (Agra).
White bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.
Schroder and Cruz Perez [31], reported that nodulation of pigeon pea is frequently poor.
Pigeon pea was re-established every 4 years, but the plants were trimmed each year at ~1 m height, before sowing the maize.
In the present study, crude methanolic extract and bioactive fractions of pigeon pea leaves were found to have anti-inflammatory activity by inhibition of cytokine productions of TNF-[alpha] and IL-1[beta] in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.
The region is also vital for crops like paddy, wheat, maize, jowar, groundnut, black gram, green gram, pigeon pea cotton and sugarcane.
Countries have shown a desire to explore options for GM cotton, sweet potato, maize, soya bean, banana, pigeon pea and tobacco.
Mathura Se, for example, is a potato patty recipe popular in Mathura, while Kashmiri soup, made with roasted turnip, beetroot and pigeon pea, is traditionally served in Kashmir.
Cookies with high sensory ratings have been produced from blends of wheat and fonio [6], millet and pigeon pea [7], wheat and plantain [8] and maize and pigeon pea [9].
Chauhan et al [12] reported signify cant increase in leaf retention and yield of pigeon pea exposed to foliar spray at maturity of concentration urea.