Pipridae


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Pipridae

[′pip·rə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The manakins, a family of colorful, neotropical suboscine birds in the order Passeriformes.

Pipridae

 

(manakins), a family of birds of the order Passeriformes. The body length measures 8.5-16 cm, and the weight 9-34 g. The wings and tail are short. The plumage of the males is black with yellow, red, white, and, more rarely, blue; the plumage of the females is greenish.

The family comprises 61 species, which are distributed in the tropical forests of Central and South America. In courting, the males utter mating calls singly, in pairs, or in groups of five to ten (sometimes up to 70) individuals on ground clearings or on branches. Only the females build nests, incubate the eggs (two per clutch), and feed the young. The Pipridae feed on berries, small fruits, and insects.

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Taxon Diet FD Sen Pipridae Antilophia galeata F D M Turdidae Turdus leucomelas O SD L Thraupidae Saltator similis O SD L Lanio penicillatus O D L Tersina viridis O D L Dacnis cayana O SD L Emberezidae Arremon flavirostris O D M Handling behavior Visit Taxon (n of fruit eaten) rate DP Pipridae Antilophia galeata SW (48), SM (16) 0.
Families Cotingidae, Pipridae, Formicaridae, Furnariidae, Dendrocolaptidae and Picidae.
Lekking behavior in manakins, Pipridae, has also been approached from a phylogenetic perspective using both molecular and morphological phylogenies (though mostly the latter; Prum 1994).
8 PIPRIDAE Antilophia galeata (Lichtenstein, 1823) D - - TITYRIDAE Pachyramphus polychopterus (Vieillot, - 4.