Son of William Pitt the Elder
, Earl of Chatham, the young William is remembered for his tough policies against corruption, fiscal reform, shifting power toward the House of Commons and the union with Ireland.
Pitt the Elder
railed at Parliament: 'the desertion of the King of Prussia, the most magnanimous ally this country ever had, is insidious, tricking, base and treacherous.
Robert Harris' excellent book demonstrates (contra Michael Harris) that there was vigorous public debate in the 1740s about war, empire, patriotism, and reform - issues usually associated with the age of William Pitt the Elder
- and that patriot sentiment had already begun to blur the distinction between Whig and Tory, a development which has been dated to the 1750s by Linda Colley, J.
Robert Walpole (1721-42), William Pitt the Elder
(1766-68), Lord Palmerston (1855-58/1859-65) and Ramsay Macdonald (1924/1929-35.
Also on this day: 1708: Birth of statesman William Pitt the Elder
, 1st Earl of Chatham; 1738: Birth of astronomer Sir William Herschel; 1802: Death of portrait painter George Romney; 1837: Isaac Pitman published his shorthand system; 1839: Death of William Murdock, inventor of coal-gas lighting; 1891: Birth of German Field Marshal Erin Rommel; 1897: Birth of statesman Aneurin Bevan; 1899: War correspondent Winston Churchill captured by Boers after his troop train was attacked; 1952: Goalkeeper Ted Segar ended his 22-year playing career with Everton finishing the longest association between a player and club in football league history.
What, according to William Pitt the Elder
, Lord Chatham(1708-1778), were the lungs of London?
William Pitt the Elder
was Prime Minister from 1766 to 1768 then son Pitt the Younger trumped his father and became PM twice.
As well as Prime Ministers William Pitt the Elder
, Lord North and Lord Aberdeen, US scientist and statesman Benjamin Franklin is among the fellows.
Has he got plans to add a section on Pitt The Elder
4 His political heroes, Pitt The Younger and Pitt The Elder
, sum up to perfection his performance as Leader of the Opposition.