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Pittsfield,city (1990 pop. 48,622), seat of Berkshire co., W Mass., between mountain ranges, on branches of the Housatonic River; inc. as a town 1761, as a city 1889. The city is the metropolis of the Berkshire resort area. Once a farming community, it developed industrially in the 19th cent. as a result of plentiful water power. Electrical items and textiles, plastics, concrete, and foundry products are manufactured. Oliver Wendell HolmesHolmes, Oliver Wendell,
1809–94, American author and physician, b. Cambridge, Mass., grad. Harvard (B.A., 1829; M.D., 1836); father of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. He began his medical career as a general practitioner but shifted into the academic field, becoming professor
..... Click the link for more information. lived nearby, and "Arrowhead" was Herman MelvilleMelville, Herman,
1819–91, American author, b. New York City, considered one of the great American writers and a major figure in world literature. Early Life and Works
..... Click the link for more information. 's home there from 1850 to 1863. The Berkshire Museum is there, and the neoclassical Colonial Theater (1903) has been restored.
a city in Massachusetts, in New England, USA. Situated on the Housatonic River. Population, 57,000 (1970; 80,000 including suburbs). Industries include radioelectronics, printing, and the manufacture of electrical supplies, paper, and military equipment. Textiles and clothing accessories are also produced in Pittsfield.