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Piura(pyo͞o`rä), city (1993 pop. 199,484), capital of Piura dept., NW Peru, in the irrigated Piura valley of the Peruvian coastal desert. It is the commercial center for the region's cotton, sugarcane, and rice crops. Textiles are its principal manufacture. San Miguel de Piura, the first settlement in Peru, was founded on the coast by Francisco PizarroPizarro, Francisco
, c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman and as a child was an illiterate swineherd.
..... Click the link for more information. in 1532, but the site was unhealthful, and the settlement was moved to the present Piura. From there, in 1533, Sebastián de BenalcázarBenalcázar or Belalcázar, Sebastián de
, c.1479–1551, Spanish conquistador. After accompanying Columbus on his third voyage (1498), Benalcázar served in Darién and Nicaragua
..... Click the link for more information. set out on his conquest of Ecuador. Piura was severely damaged by an earthquake in 1912.
a city in northwestern Peru and capital of Piura Department. Population, 126,700(1972).
Situated on the Piura River and the Pan American Highway, Piura is linked with the port of Paita by railroad and highway; it has its own airport. An important cotton-trading center, it has cotton-textile and cotton-ginning enterprises, as well as oil mills and canneries. Piura was founded in 1532.