Pius IV


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Pius IV,

1499–1565, pope (1559–65), a Milanese named Giovanni Angelo de' Medici; successor of Paul IV. He was probably not related to the great Medici family. His career in Rome began in 1527, and he held increasingly important offices under Clement VII, Paul III (who made him a cardinal), and Julius III. Cardinal Medici was one of the reform party, but he was no rigorist, hence he was out of favor with Paul IV. The great feature of his pontificate was the reconvening of the Council of Trent (see Trent, Council ofTrent, Council of,
1545–47, 1551–52, 1562–63, 19th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, convoked to meet the crisis of the Protestant Reformation.
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) for its last and most important session (1562–63). By quietly easing the difficulties of the council and publicly backing it, Pius gained new respect for the papacy and made himself one of the great popes of the Counter ReformationCounter Reformation,
16th-century reformation that arose largely in answer to the Protestant Reformation; sometimes called the Catholic Reformation. Although the Roman Catholic reformers shared the Protestants' revulsion at the corrupt conditions in the church, there was present
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. He welcomed the final break with Protestantism, which the council brought about. His good political relations with Spain were in contrast with Paul IV's anti-Hapsburg policy. Pius's chief aid was his nephew, St. Charles BorromeoCharles Borromeo, Saint
, 1538–84, Italian churchman, b. near Lago Maggiore. His uncle, Pius IV, summoned Charles, a student at Pavia, to Rome in 1560. In rapid order he was made cardinal-deacon, administrator of the Papal States and of the archdiocese of Milan, and papal
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. He was succeeded by St. Pius V.

Pius IV

original name Giovanni Angelo de' Medici. 1499--1565, pope (1559--65). He reconvened the Council of Trent (1562), confirming its final decrees
References in periodicals archive ?
Pius IV had a large trench built around part of Castel Sant'Angelo that can still be seen today, its walls displaying inscriptions that credit Pius IV (fig.
Trevisi's ability to combine practical expertise with at least a patina of learning was undoubtedly useful in his successful effort to obtain a major contract from Pius IV, the reconstruction of the Acqua Vergine.
Ligorio and Vasari, who took Ligorio's post at the Vatican on the death of Pius IV, were bitter rivals and ideological enemies, with Vasari accusing Ligorio of belittling his hero Michelangelo.
It was a long time before it was accepted that the Casino of Pius IV should be understood as a scholarly reconstruction of an antique building rather than the outpourings of an over-imaginative mind, for to nineteenth--and many twentieth-century archaeologists Ligorio was little more than a fantasist and a forger.
De Bujanda furthermore discusses the "Moderatio indicis," the result of a revision of the index under Paul's successor, Pius IV.
European endorsement of Cosimo as Duke of Florence and Siena by the Treaty of Cambrai, and the election of his protege Pius IV in 1559, emboldened his bid for kingship, to which end, Veen contends, Cosimo abjured autocratic referencing.
The papacies of Paul IV (1555-59), Pius IV (1559-65), Pius V (1566-72), and Gregory XIII (1572-85) were marked by indecision, dissent, and defensiveness.
His standing then as ambassador of the duke of Savoy neatly highlights how much Carnesecchi's fate depended on political circumstances, principally Cosimo I's refusal finally to intercede for his subject once it was clear how determined Pius V was to make an end of Carnesecchi, twice absolved by that pope's predecessors Paul III and Pius IV.
Therefore, most of the discussion centers on the second trial which began under Paul IV and was concluded under his successor Pius IV.
This time Orsini was going to Caprarola, but was unsure whether to bring Giovanni Antonio, a man identified as one who had painted the Cosmography at the Vatican in the time of Pius IV.
Historians of geography have usually noted the decoration of the Vatican Palace, the "cosmografia" of Pope Pius IV begun in the early 1560s, as an inspiration to the cardinal for Caprarola.
Peter Blastenbrei's "second dissertation" (Habilitationsschrift) on criminality in Rome during the pontificates of Pius IV, Pius V, and Gregory XIII is as thorough as his other work but somehow less pleasing to read.