Pope Pius X
(Giuseppe Sarto) held office from 1903 to 1914.
Clearly, this was not just the result of intensive promotion of more frequent communion within ecclesiastical texts after Pius X
This paper will first examine how Tolkien's personal letters during the Second Vatican Council in the 1960s actually reiterate language and arguments devised by Pius X
One element lacking in this marvelous work is a robust church-state contextualizing of the anti-Loisy forces: Pius X
, Secretary of State Rafael Merry del Val, Francois Richard (archbishop of Paris), and various Vatican officials, as well as the Congregations' consultors.
The Pius X
members, including several children, sat in the front pews and loudly recited the rosary, preventing the monks from giving the demonstration at the Basilica of St.
found absolutely nothing salvageable in modern science, philosophy or literary criticism, and his encyclical became a kind of nuclear strike whose fallout would spread for decades.
has brought out the best in people, tapped talents they didn't know existed, and made Catholicism the moving force in their lives.
does not itself constitute 'formal adherence to the schism,' such adherence can come about over a period of time as one slowly imbibes a schismatic mentality which separates itself from the teaching of the Supreme Pontiff and the entire Catholic Church.
Pius IX receives more attention than the other three popes combined, an imbalance more understandable in the cases of Gregory XVI and Pius X
than in that of Leo XIII and perhaps to be explained by the fact that on Pius IX C.
, or face the prospect of suspension and/or further canonical action.
Credibility is also strained by the assertion that Pius X
, in condemning modernism, "could never have spoken otherwise, unless he was prepared to jettison the whole Catholic tradition" (344).
25, 1904, Theodore Herzl, the father of modern Zionism, met with Pope Pius X