Placentia Bay


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Placentia Bay,

c.100 mi (160 km) long and up to 80 mi (129 km) wide, SE Newfoundland, N.L., Canada. There are many fishing settlements and canneries along the shore. Placentia, established by the French in 1662, is the largest town on the bay.
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Our research is set in three communities located along the Burin and Avalon peninsulas bordering Placentia Bay on Newfoundland's southeast coast.
During World War II the United States established a military base at Argentia that brought with it some employment for residents of many Placentia Bay communities.
More than thirty of them in Placentia Bay were abandoned as part of government resettlement programs that relocated over 300 communities and nearly 30,000 people province wide between 1954 and 1976 (2) Baccalaos Cove was a designated growth center for resettled residents of the islands of Placentia Bay and the population increased to more than 1000 by 1971.
Although some of the dynamics described by the women we interviewed continue to characterize small town life, it is important to note that their experiences predate the period of massive social change that began in 1991 and are set in the time when Placentia Bay was still dotted by small, but viable, fishing communities.
There was also a strong preference to marry a local girl in communities in Placentia Bay although exogamic restrictions meant this was not always possible (see Powers 1984).
Placentia Bay communities adopted a patronymic pattern like the one folklorist Gerald Pocius describes from Newfoundland's Avalon Peninsula: "Combined with their newly acquired marriage surnames, women's names sometimes duplicate the names of those already in their new community.
The women we interviewed who married into Placentia Bay communities shared experiences that support the findings of early ISER anthropologists who identified good interpersonal relations as a priority for members of rural Newfoundland communities.
She was born in Angel's Cove, a tiny inlet on the strip of rocky coastline that crawls along the east side of Placentia Bay.
On September 12, 1696, he dropped anchor in Placentia Bay beneath a ramshackle fort with a garrison of only eighteen men.