Plataea


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Plataea

(plətē`ə), ancient city of Greece, in S Boeotia (now Voiotía), on the slope of Mt. Cithaeron (Kithairón). Plataea had voluntarily passed from Theban to Athenian protection before the Persian WarsPersian Wars,
500 B.C.–449 B.C., series of conflicts fought between Greek states and the Persian Empire. The writings of Herodotus, who was born c.484 B.C., are the great source of knowledge of the history of the wars.
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 and stood by Athens at Marathon (490 B.C.). In 479 B.C., Plataea was the scene of the decisive defeat of the Persians by the Greeks under Pausanias (with Aristides commanding the fleet). At the beginning of the Peloponnesian War, Thebes attacked (431) the city. It was besieged for two years (429–427), and then captured and sacked. It was subsequently rebuilt, razed (c.373) by the Thebans, and reconstructed by Alexander the Great.

Plataea

 

an ancient Greek city in southern Boeotia.

Near Plataea on Sept. 26, 479 B.C., during the Greco-Persian wars, a battle took place between the Persian Army, commanded by Mardonius, and the troops of 24 Greek city-states headed by Athens and Sparta, under the command of the Spartan Pausanias. The Greeks held advantageous defensive positions, and the Persians hesitated to attack them. On the night of September 25, the Greeks began a retreat to Plataea. In the morning, believing that the enemy was in flight, the Persians attacked the rear guard, which consisted of Spartans. The Spartans repulsed the attacking forces and, with the aid of the Athenians and the other allies who joined them, overwhelmed the poorly organized Persians. After Mardonius was mortally wounded, the Persians fled in disorder to the Hellespont, pursued by the Greeks. At Plataea, the Greek phalanx again asserted its superiority over the more numerous but irregular Persian infantry and cavalry. The victory at Plataea and the simultaneous rout of the Persian fleet at Mycale led to the liberation of Greece and the Greek cities of Asia Minor from the Persians.

Plataea

an ancient city in S Boeotia, traditionally an ally of Athens: scene of the defeat of a great Persian army by the Greeks in 479 bc
References in periodicals archive ?
In the first issue, he tells the glorious story of the Battle of Plataea (i.
The Battle of Plataea (479 BC) saw the defending Greeks face a more manageable three-to-one numerical disadvantage against the Persian invasion force; surmounting this disparity, the Greeks emerged victorious.
85] reports that cities that "missed" one decisive battle at Plataea had the cash-poor, battlefield-rich Plataeans construct empty tombs to glorify their heroic dead ten years later.
In an attempt to regain his name, Aristodemus conducts a suicidal charge at the final battle of Plataea.
On one level, it was a straightforward narrative chronology of the cataclysmic conflict between the Greeks and the Persians--from the invasions of Cyrus in the middle of the sixth century through those of his successors Cambyses and Darius, culminating in the drama of the vast expeditionary force launched by Great King Xerxes, King of Kings, worshipper of Ahura Mazda, Lord of Light, and the rousing, history-changing finale marked by the battles of Thermopylae, Salamis and Plataea in 480-79 BC.
To link that system in with those used by his readers, he places the Theban attack on Plataea thus: 'The thirty years' truce which was entered into after the conquest of Euboea lasted fourteen years.
Battlefield density through the ages Age Antiquity Napoleonic US Civil War Urban Examples Plataea Jungingen Monterrey New Aspern- Churubusco Carthage Essling Rorke's Drift Combatants per km2 * 100,000 4,970 3,883 Urban Examples 16,300 46,400 11,600 Km2 per Combatant 10 201 258 Urban Examples 61 22 86 * km2 = square kilometer Age WWII 1970s Urban Examples Stalingrad Beirut Aachen Khorramshahr Manila Hue Berlin Combatants per km2 * 32 25 Urban Examples 1,300 1,100 Km2 per Combatant 31,000 40,000 Urban Examples 769 909 * km2 = square kilometer Source: Russell W.
The Boeotian cavalry, in particular, fought with distinction at Plataea.
A year later, after overwhelming victories at Salamis and Plataea, Greece was free.
The Persian forces were able to continue southwards and sack Athens before their navy suffered defeat at Salamis and their army destruction at Plataea the following year.
Athenians in the audience, male or female, could also have identified with the victims--they might have thought of their own women and children who had been taken as slaves at Plataea, for instance; if so, the nobility of the Trojans would be consoling.
The Proem of Simonides' Plataea Elegy," in Boedeker and Sider 2001, pp.