Plessy v. Ferguson


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Plessy v. Ferguson,

case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1896. The court upheld an 1890 Louisiana statute mandating racially segregated but equal railroad carriages, ruling that the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment to the U.S. Constitution dealt with political and not social equality. The case arose from resentment among black and Creole residents of New Orleans and was supported by the railroad companies, who felt it unnecessary to pay the cost of separate cars. Justice Henry Billings Brown wrote the majority opinion, stating that "separate but equal" laws did not imply the inferiority of one race to another. Justice John Harlan (1833–1911) dissented, arguing that the U.S. Constitution was color-blind. The decision provided constitutional sanction for the adoption throughout the South of a comprehensive series of Jim Crow lawsJim Crow laws,
in U.S. history, statutes enacted by Southern states and municipalities, beginning in the 1880s, that legalized segregation between blacks and whites. The name is believed to be derived from a character in a popular minstrel song.
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, which were maintained until overruled in 1954 by Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.,
case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was black.
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 It had particular relevance to education, with Justice Brown drawing parallels between race segregation on trains and in educational facilities.

Bibliography

See study by W. H. Hoffer (2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
in approaching this problem, we cannot turn the clock back to 1868 when the Amendment was adopted, or even to 1896 when Plessy v.
Davis cited other failed efforts in Congress to enact legislation concerning racial composition of schools, as well as numerous court decisions upholding the Plessy v.
Board of Education of Topeka decision, which overturned Plessy v.
The United States itself argued in Henderson, the transportation case, that Plessy v.
The high court of the late 19th and early 20th centuries was one of the most notorious in American history, legitimizing Jim Crow laws in Plessy v.
As a letter to the editor of The New York Times said this week, that "is like comparing Plessy v.
The Supreme Court gave its approval to Jim Crow segregation in Plessy v.
We might only wonder, for instance, how different this society would be now - indeed, how different the very idea of race would be - if the Hayes-Tilden Compromise had not been struck, if the 1875 Civil Rights Act had not been struck down, or if Justice John Marshall Harlan's dissenting view had prevailed in Plessy v.
John Marshall Harlan, the Supreme Court Justice who cast the lone vote against segregation in Plessy v.
Board of Education ruling barring racial segregation in public schools overturned an 1896 Supreme Court ruling, Plessy v.