Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia

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Pleuropneumonia, Contagious Bovine


an infectious disease generally accompanied by serofibrinous pleuritis and by lobar pneumonia with inflammation of the interlobular connective tissue and lymphatic vessels and development of anemic necroses and sequestra. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is distributed in Africa, Australia, Europe (Spain), and Asia. The disease was eradicated in the USSR in 1939. The causative agent, a microorganism of the family Mycoplas-mataceae, was first isolated by the French investigators E. No-card and P. Roux in 1898. Buffalo, yaks, bison, and zebu are susceptible to the disease. The causal agent is spread by airborne droplets that result from sneezing or coughing; less frequently it is expelled with the urine. Chronically sick animals play a major role in the spread of the disease.

Symptoms include high fever (above 14°C), labored breathing, coughing, a lack of appetite, and diarrhea. Diagnosis is based on epizootologic data, clinical examination, and the results of dissection and laboratory tests. If contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is established, the farm is quarantined, sick animals and suspect animals are killed, and special veterinary-sanitary measures are taken.


Bakulov, I. A. “Poval’noe vospalenie legkikh krupnogo rogatogo skota.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 4. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
Some of the most serious disease risks to cattle, sheep, goat and pigs are foot-and-mouth disease, contagious bovine pleuro-pneumonia, brucellosis, tuberculosis, peste des petits ruminants and African swine fever, which can become endemic if not swiftly addressed.
Following his run in the Scottish National in April 2010, the 11-year-old was hit with a bout of pleuro-pneumonia and trainer Jeremy Scott admitted it was touch and go whether he pulled through.
Embora a cirurgia tenha sido satisfatoria, o potro morreu dois meses apos o procedimento devido a uma pleuro-pneumonia.
A doctor by trade, he was not an expert on pleuro-pneumonia, the disease apparently affecting the Canadian cattle, but the books just acquired were going to teach him all he needed to know on his way to Liverpool.
Despite their hatred of free trade, British farmers were so imbued with laissez-faire ideology as never to consider public action against disease, even when such devastatingly infectious diseases as pleuro-pneumonia and foot-and-mouth disease were imported between 1839 and 1844.
85) Bruce had won the confidence of Riverina pastoralists in a vigorous (if unsuccessful) campaign to halt pleuro-pneumonia at the Murray and he was their choice to head the new system.