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a disease of nerve plexus occurring with infections, poisonings, and traumas. True plexitis is rare. Radiculitis connected with such deformations of the spinal column as spondylosis and osteochondrosis is often diagnosed as plexitis. The clinical picture of the disease depends on the extent of the lesion; cervical, humeral, lumbar, and sacral plexitis are distinguished accordingly.

Characteristic of plexitis are pain, damage to the innervated muscles, diminution of reflexes, disturbances in sensitivity, and changes revealed by electrographic findings. The treatment of the disease is determined by the cause. Methods used include administration of pain relievers, biogenic stimulants, and vitamins of the B complex. Physiotherapy and treatment at sanatoriums and health resorts are also prescribed.


Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po nevrologii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Myenteric plexitis is a risk factor for endoscopic and clinical postoperative recurrence after ileocolonic resection in Crohn's disease.
Brachial plexitis and myelitis and herpes-zoster lumbar plexus disorder in patient treated with infliximab.
In immunocompetent patients with reactivated virus, the virus spreads into the proximal nerve roots adjacent to dorsal root ganglia, causing neuritis or plexitis.
In this study, we intended to evaluate the epidemiology of pain in and around the shoulder joint complex which included articular pain like adhesive capsulitis, acromioclavicular joint arthritis, sternoclavicular joint arthritis and soft tissue rheumatic symptoms around shoulder joint complex like regional myofascial pain around shoulder joint complex, rotator cuff disease and bursitis, neurological conditions which presented as pain around the shoulder joint complex like C5 radiculopathy and plexitis, and miscellaneous conditions like malignancy which presented with pain around shoulder.
Other etiologies include blunt trauma, irradiation, penetrating injury, vascular ectasia, carotid endarterectomy, cardiac surgery, laceration, compression, strenuous weight lifting, whiplash, spontaneous palsy (idiopathic) due to plexitis, and other more rare occasions (3-5,8-22).
7) The Cryptococcus neoformans organism is a common soil fungus that infects the lungs and then spreads hematogenously to the CSF, causing choroid plexitis, meningitis, and encephalitis.