Plinthos

Plinthos

 

a wide, flat fired brick used in Byzantine construction. Plinthos was also used in ancient Russian church architecture between the tenth and the beginning of the 13th century, for example, the Cathedral of St. Sophia in Kiev (1037) and the Church of the Saviour at the village of Berestovo near Kiev (1113–25). Plinthos was often the basic material used for the structural elements of buildings.

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plinthos, ladrillo) una mezcla de arcilla con cuarzo y otros diluyentes, rica en hierro y pobre en humus que se presenta como concentraciones redox rojo oscuras en patrones laminares, poligonales o reticulares y cambia irreversiblemente a un pan endurecido ferrico o a agregados irregulares al exponerla a humedecimientos y secados repetidos.
Department of Agriculture (SCS-USDA) preferred to abandon the generic term laterite and replace it with plinthite (from the Greek plinthos, a brick), the term now used in soil classification systems, such as the Soil Taxonomy Classification and the FAO-UNESCO Soil Classification.