Podophyllum


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Related to Podophyllum: Podophyllum peltatum, podophyllum resin

Podophyllum

 

a genus of plants of the family Podophyl-laceae. (The plants are sometimes included in the family Ber-beridaceae.) The genus Podophyllum consists of low perennial herbs that have a long, creeping rootstock. The upper part of the stem bears two large, opposite, and long-petioled palmatipartite leaves and one drooping white flower measuring about 5 cm in diameter. The perianth has three to six sepals and six to nine petals. The fruit is a large, many-seeded yellow berry. There are six to ten species, distributed in the Himalayas, eastern Asia, and the eastern part of North America. The best-known American species, mayapple (P. peltatum) and P. hexartdrum (formerly P. emodi), grow in shady forests. Both are cultivated in the USSR for their rhizome, which contains podophyllotoxin, a-peltatin, and /3-peltatin. The plants are used to obtain the medicine podophyllin, which is used to treat tumors and as a purgative, a cholagogue, and an anesthetic.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. Eoorova

References in periodicals archive ?
Se disolvieron 100 g de resina comercial podofilina (Aldrich) de Podophyllum emodi W.
Podophyllum peltatum) have been shown to be strongly heteroblastic (Holm, 1899; Jones & Watson, 2001) during the development of the leaf series, which consists of rhizome scales, bud scales, and a single or two foliage leaves in vegetative and reproductive shoots, respectively (Jones, 2001).
5 Especies caracteristicas: Pseudobombax ellipticum (Bombacaceae), Estrato arboreo Neopringlea integrifolia (Sapindaceae), Bursera simaruba (Burseraceae) Estrato arbustivo Randia obcordata (Rubiaceae), Ocotea tampicensis (Lauraceae), Croton niveus (Euphorbiaceae), Bauhinia divaricata (Fabaceae), Jacobinia incana (Acanthacae) Estrato herbaceo Chamaedorea radicalis (Arecaceae), (Cyperaceae), Syngonium podophyllum (Arecaceae) Anonna globiflora (Anonnaceae), Mirabilis jalapa Caracteristicas Sitio 2 (Alta Cima) Posicion geografica 99[grados]11'00" W; 23[grados]03'06" N Tipo de vegetacion Bosque mixto templado Altitud (m snm) 920 Precipitacion (mm) 2,522 Temperatura ([grados]C) 13.
The four most commonly observed seeds were Rubus, Morus, Podophyllum peltatum, and Vitis (Table 1).
MEDICAMENTO K (2,2ml ampolla) Pulsatila D6, Sulfur D8, Cortisonum aceticum D18 ana 22[micron]l MEDICAMENTO L (1,1 ml ampolla) Ubichinon D10, acidum ascorbicum D6, Thiaminum D6, Riboflavinum D6, Pyridoxinum hydrochloricum D6, Nicotinamidum D6, Myrtillus D4, Colchicum D4, Podophyllum D4, Conium D4, Hydrastis D4, Gallium aparine D6, Acidum sarcolacticum D6, Hydrochinonum D8, Acido [alfa]-liponicum D8, Sulfur D8, Manganum phosphoricum D8, Natrium oxalaceticum D8, Trychinoylum D10,Anthrachinonum D10, para-Benzochinonum D10, ATP D10, Coenzyma A D10, Acidum acetiylosalycylicum D10, Histaminum D10, Nadidum D10, Magnesium gluconicum D10 ana 22[micron]l MEDICAMENTO M (2,2 ML ampolla) Kalmia D8, Mercurius praecipitatus ruber D10, Asa foetida D8 ana 22[micron]l.
Mice infected with this organism were given Podophyllum mother tincture, Cina 30C, Santonin 30C, or ethanol 30C as a control substance.
The structure of the shoot apex of Podophyllum peltatum L.
Over the past 2 decades, a variety of treatments has been proposed for the management of recurrent laryngeal papillomatosis, including surgical excision, (2) cryosurgery, (3) steroids, (4) podophyllum, (5) interferon, (6) and laser surgery.
Seasonal studies of two plant species, Podophyllum peltatum and Arisaema triphyllum were carried out.