pogrom

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pogrom

(pō`grəm, pōgrŏm`), Russian term, originally meaning "riot," that came to be applied to a series of violent attacks on Jews in Russia in the late 19th and early 20th cent. Pogroms were few before the assassination of Alexander IIAlexander II,
1818–81, czar of Russia (1855–81), son and successor of Nicholas I. He ascended the throne during the Crimean War (1853–56) and immediately set about negotiating a peace (see Paris, Congress of).
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 in 1881; after that, with the connivance of, or at least without hindrance from, the government, there were many pogroms throughout Russia. Soldiers and police often looked on without interfering. These pogroms encouraged the first emigration of Russian Jews to the United States. After 1882 there were few pogroms until 1903, when there was an extremely violent three-day pogrom at Chisinau resulting in the death of 45 Jews. Although it has not been conclusively proved that the czarist government organized pogroms, the government's anti-Semitic policies certainly encouraged them. After the abortive revolution of 1905, pogroms increased in number and violence. With the success of the Bolshevik Revolution, pogroms ceased in the Soviet Union; they were revived in Germany and Poland after Adolf Hitler attained power.

Bibliography

See E. H. Judge, Easter in Kishinev: Anatomy of a Pogrom (1992).

pogrom

an organized persecution or extermination of an ethnic group, esp of Jews
References in periodicals archive ?
It is the Sri Lankan state which has spurned these opportunities and sought to suppress the Tamil People through repeated anti-Tamil pograms.
Much more striking is the section of the journal dedicated to the analysis of documents of the political police in Poland, "Za kulisami warszawskiej bezpieki" by Boguslaw Kopka; an article criticizing the declared comprehensiveness of research concerning the Kielce pogram ("Postanowienie IPN w sprawie 'pogromu kieleckiego'") by Jacek Zurek; an interview with Marek Jan Chodakiewicz on Jan Tomasz Gross's "cut and paste" method of writing history ("O Polakach i Zydach bez retuszu"); documents concerning Wojciech Jaruzelski's request for Moscow's help in suppressing Solidarity; and several excellent reviews of books authored by Ewa Kurek, Robert Blobaum, Michel Foucault, Filip Musial, and others.
It is 1920 and they have survived a horrific pogram, which took the lives of family and friends.
Front Row: Alicia Howard, D Howard, R Brodie, V O'Brien, L Pogram, A Doan, S Donoghue, S Edge.
Five grassland, ten shrubland, and six woodland community types were identified in 1997 using methods prepared by The Nature Conservancy (TNC) for the National Vegetation Mapping Pogram.
Later, the attack on American manners reaches caricaturish proportions in Martin Chuzzlewit, yet even in that text I retain a sympathy for Elijah Pogram when he asserts that Americans "have no time to ac-quire forms" (462).
Each of the Presidents of the Company's branded businesses will now report directly to Hoffmann, including: Michael Ippolito, President of Home Fashions-Mid Market Group; Jeff Potts, President of Home Fashions-Upscale Group; Kenneth Ellingsen, President of General Merchandise Brand Group; Stephen Marks, President of Women's Apparel Group; Donn Wilson, President of International Male; Jed Pogram, President of Gump's Retail; and John DiFrancesco, President of Gump's Direct Marketing.
The new pogram would allow Axis to reinforce their commitment to initiatives beyond mere placements whilst focusing on leadership, nurturing and inclusivity by developing mid-managerial talent among women.
The Director of JICA Projects in Sudan referred to JICA plan to increase its projects in Sudan, after the extension of the pogram term, particularly in the field of guindance, rural development and capacity building.
For instance, the MEiKO can read ahead and buffer up images while subimages are being analyzed; without changes in our current pogram, the iPSC/2 cannot do this as efficiently because the Master process shares a node with a Subimage process.
Field and Regional engineers and Technical Service Providers (TSP) of the Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (Kalahi-CIDSS) implemented under the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) attended the five-day training on the Conduct of the Technical Session Workshop on Preparation of Plan Designs and Pogram of Works (POW) for LGU-led Kalahi-CIDSS Implementation (TIER 2) being held at Hotel Luciana from May 8-12, 2017.
Donna Merrill, RN, CCRC, is a Nurse Liaison, Chronic Kidney Disease Program, the Living Donor Evaluation Pogram, and the Hypertension Pogram, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY.