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Pohnpei(pōn`pā), state and island (1991 est. pop. 52,000), 129 sq mi (334 sq km), W Pacific, in the E Caroline IslandsCaroline Islands,
archipelago, c.830 sq mi (2,150 sq km), W Pacific, just north of the equator. The largest islands are Palau (Belau), Yap, Chuuk (Truk), Pohnpei (Ponape), and Kosrae. The islands are fertile and rich in minerals.
..... Click the link for more information. . It is one of four states comprising the Federated States of MicronesiaMicronesia, Federated States of,
independent nation (2005 est. pop. 108,000), c.271 sq mi (702 sq km), an island group in the W Pacific Ocean. It comprises four states: Kosrae, Pohnpei (formerly Ponape), Chuuk (formerly Truk), and Yap.
..... Click the link for more information. . A volcanic island, Pohnpei is a flat dome of black basaltic rock, rising to 2,595 ft (791 m), with a rim of fertile coastal land. The national capital, PalikirPalikir
, town (2000 est. pop. 8,600), capital of the Federated States of Micronesia. Located in a heavily wooded region in the NW part of the island of Pohnpei, it replaced Kolonia (about 6 mi/10 km to the east) as the capital of Micronesia in 1989.
..... Click the link for more information. , is in NW Pohnpei. Copra, dried bonito, and handicrafts are the chief products. Ruins of ancient stone walls, dikes, and basaltic columns dot the island; the most impressive, those of Nan Madol (mainly 13th–17th cent.), are constructed on artificial islands. Pohnpei was formerly called Ponape and Ascension Island.