Polianovka Peace of 1634

Polianovka Peace of 1634


a peace treaty concluded by Russia and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth between May 17 (27) and June 4 (14), 1634, ending the Russo-Polish War of 1632–34. The treaty is named after the site of negotiations—the village of Semlevo on the Polianovka River, between Viaz’ma and Dorogobuzh. The Russian delegation was headed by the boyar F. I. Sheremetev and the okol’nichli (a noble rank below the boyars) A. M. L’vov, and the Polish delegation, by the crown chancellor Bishop J. Zadzik and the Lithuanian hetman K. Radziwill.

The treaty confirmed the Russo-Polish border established in 1618 by the Deulino Truce. Russia relinquished all the Russian territory it had recaptured during the war (except Serpeisk and its district), territory that Poland had seized in the early 17th century. The Poles agreed to withdraw their troops from Russian lands. Wladyslaw IV of Poland renounced his claim to the Russian throne, and Russia promised to pay a sum of 20,000 rubles. The treaty also provided for the immediate exchange of all prisoners without ransom and for a demarcation of the border between the two countries. The border was surveyed by five commissions between 1635 and 1648. The treaty was ratified in 1635.


Porshnev, B. F. “Na putiakh k Polianovskomu miru 1634 g.” In Mezh-dunarodnye otnosheniia: Politika. Diplomatiia XVI-XX vv. Moscow, 1964.
Shelamanova, N. B. “Dokumenty gosudarstvennykh mezhevanii 30–40-kh godov XVII v.” In Arkheograficheskii ezhegodnik za 1971 g. Moscow, 1972.


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