Armia Krajowa

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Armia Krajowa

 

(literally Home Army), the Polish national military organization active during 1942–45 in Poland during the occupation by the German fascists; it was under the authority of the Polish government-in-exile in London.

Armia Krajowa was formed on the basis of the underground organization of the Union for Armed Struggle (formed in January 1940). The army was composed of part of the People’s Military Organization; Peasant Battalions (the military organization created in late 1940-early 1941 and whose main cadres were members of the peasant youth organization Wici); military detachments of the right wing of the Polish Socialist Party; and other illegal military organizations of the political center supporting the government-in-exile. The major aim of the leaders of the Home Army was the restoration of the Polish bourgeois state with the support of Great Britain and the USA.

The contradictions between the patriotic aspirations of the rank-and-file members of the Home Army and the objectives of its leaders became sharply pronounced in the course of the Warsaw Uprising of 1944 instigated by the command of the army. In January 1945 the government-in-exile dissolved Armia Krajowa, creating from its most reactionary segments the underground terrorist organization Freedom and Resistance, which struggled against popular power. In 1947, the organization was destroyed by the organs of state security of the People’s Republic of Poland.

References in periodicals archive ?
The entire family eventually moved to Warsaw where the teenage Czeslaw Paul joined the Polish Underground Army (AK).
EVENTS 1944: The Polish Underground Army begins battle to liberate Warsaw, the first European city to fall to the Germans.
Transitioning from the Boy Scouts to the Polish Underground Army, through the Warsaw Ghetto and the event of the Warsaw Uprising, Kulski ends up a sixteen-year-old German prisoner of war; but his story doesn't end there.
Karski joined the Polish underground army at the onset of the Nazi occupation of his country and reported firsthand on the subsequent horrors he had witnessed to Western leaders - only to be treated with disbelief.
1944: Uprising to free Warsaw begins The Polish Underground Army begins battle to liberate Warsaw, the first European city to fall to the Germans.
He spent six years with the Polish Underground Army, for whom he trained recruits, and undertook a series of daring missions to sabotage the Third Reich's military might.
Communist propaganda routinely referred to the pro-Western Polish underground army as "bands of the White Poles" (84-86, 250).
The Polish Underground Army, the Western Allies, and the Failure of Strategic Unity in World War II.
As a member of the Polish underground army, he was arrested in May of 1943 and was sent to Auschwitz.
David Landau had been one of the resistance fighters in the Warsaw ghetto, later joining the Polish Underground Army and leading `a knife-edge existence protected only by forged papers and his "good" Aryan face'.
The Polish Underground Army was being formed even before the fighting ended in Poland.
EVENTS 1944: e Polish Underground Army begins battle to liberate Warsaw, the "rst European city to fall to the Germans.

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