autocracy(redirected from Political absolutism)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial.
autocracyrule by one person, especially arbitrary or absolute rule. Compare ABSOLUTISM.
a form of government involving the unlimited and unchecked sovereignty of one individual in a state. The despotic monarchies of the ancient East, the tyrannical governments in some ancient Greek states, the Roman and Byzantine empires, and absolute monarchies of recent times were autocracies. The notion of autocracy was also used to designate unlimited authority in any given sphere of state activity. In contemporary literature, the notion of autocracy also designates political regimes characterized by the supreme power of a “leader” (Führer, duce, caudillo) who is not controlled by representative organs.
V. S. NERSESIANTS