Polyacrylate

polyacrylate

[¦päl·ē′ak·rə‚lāt]
(organic chemistry)
A polymer of an ester or salt of acrylic acid.

Polyacrylate

 

a polymer of esters of acrylic acid or methacrylic acid, with the general formula

where R′ = H or CH3 (for acrylic and methacrylic acids, respectively) and R is an aliphatic, carbocyclic, or heterocyclic group.

Polyacrylates containing the R groups methyl (— CH3), ethyl (—C2 H5), n-butyl (—C4 H9) and cyclohexyl (—CeH11) are of the greatest industrial importance. These polyacrylates are transparent thermoplastic polymers that are physiologically harmless and readily soluble in organic solvents and are characterized by low resistance to oil and gasoline.

Polyacrylates are produced by polymerization of esters of acrylic and methacrylic acids (acrylates and methacrylates, respectively). Polymerization of a mixture of acrylates whose chemical structure differs in the nature of the R group yields high-strength multipurpose materials.

Polyacrylates are used in the production of organic glass (mainly polymethyl methacrylate), films, paints and varnishes, adhesives, and impregnation compositions for paper, leather, wood, and fabrics. Polyacrylates are widely used in medicine, especially in dentistry, for the preparation of artificial jaws and teeth and for fillings. Acrylate polymers and copolymers are used to make prostheses and contact lenses, as well as special castings for preserving various items. Acrylates are widely used as como-nomers to increase the plasticity of rigid polymers and to produce acrylic rubbers.

REFERENCES

See References under POLYMER.

V. P. SHIBAEV

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At ETAD, Dr Helmes led the Environmental Protection Agency and other organisations, worked on the well-known High Production Volume (HPV) challenge management of SOCMA's Association Management Services as well as lead the Center for Baby and Adult Hygiene Products (BAHP) and Institute for Polyacrylate Absorbents (IPA).
The company helps customers choose from its extensive formulation library which currently includes perfluoroelastomer (FFKM), fluoroelastomer (FKM), polyacrylate (ACM), Vamac (AEM), hydrogenated nitrile (HNBR), carboxylated nitrile (XNBR), nitrile (NBR), ethylene propylene (EPDM), epichlorohydrin (ECO), natural rubber, polyisoprene rubber (IR), styrene butadiene (SBR) and polychloroprene (CR).
A hardening agent like sodium polyacrylate can be added to solidify the dispersion for safe and convenient disposal.
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Topics ranged from basic chemical safety to an experiment with sodium polyacrylate (a highly absorbent polymer best known for its critical role in baby diapers).