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the theory that modern man (Neoan-thropinae) simultaneously evolved in several areas of the world. According to polycentrism, modern man developed in each area as a result of the independent evolution first of Archantropinae and then of Paleoanthropinae. In each case, a specific race appeared, such as Europeoid, Negroid, or Mongoloid. The American anthropologist F. Weidenreich is considered one of the originators of this theory. A supporter of polycentrism among Soviet scholars was G. F. Debets. Polycentrism tends to be disproved on the basis of the absence of morphological similarities between fossil remains of man and the races presently in existence in a given area. The great similarity between the various races with respect to many unrelated features also disproves the theory. Monocentrism is the opposing theory and more widely accepted by anthropologists.


Roginskii, Ia. Ia. Teorii monotsentrizma i politsentrizma v probleme proiskhozhdeniia sovremennogo cheloveka i ego ras. Moscow, 1949.
Roginskii, la. la. “Osnovnye antropologicheskie voprosy v probleme proiskhozhdeniia sovremennogo cheloveka.” In the collection Proiskhozhdenie cheloveka i drevnee rasselenie chelovechestva. Moscow, 1951. (In-ta etnografii AN SSSR, vol. 16.)
Nesturkh, M. F. Chelovecheskie rosy, 3rd ed. [Moscow, 1965.]


References in periodicals archive ?
Tied to the issue of polycentrism is the concept of guilt: ascribed to nature because it was personified in order to be connected with that other evocative personification, the nation.
If these requirements are not satisfied, it is illegitimately circular to draw on market competition as an argument for legal polycentrism.
The propensity of trade to extend its reach across regions tends to extinguish polycentrism because this generates network effects.
Some might be dismissed as satellite states; but as subsequently polycentrism and the Sino-Soviet split became a reality, there were now openly competing centres for communist allegiances, from the Italy that was beloved of Eurocommunists to the Albania of Enver Hoxha that was not.
31) but regards it, rather, as the building of a "world horizon characterized by multiplicity, polycentrism, heterogeneity, and the lack of integration" (Beck, 1999, p.
2005) "Self-governance, polycentrism, and federalism: recurring themes in Vincent Ostrom's scholarly oeuvre", Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 57 (2): 173-188.
In this regard, ACF adequately rose against former approaches that neglected the importance of private actors, as well as the polycentrism of the policymaking processes (Kubler 2000).
Polycentrism describes situations of multilayered and diffuse governance and, thus, emphasizes its distinctive feature of emanating from multiple locales at the same time.
The monocentric city has developed in a multicore direction with a mixed hierarchy and self-contained polycentrism.
But the other two models - polycentrism and regiocentrism - are based on relative decentralization and use of local advantages.
Attribute Derivation Centeredness The centeredness variable is a measure of the degree of mono- or polycentrism within a metropolitan region and is based on three indicators: a density gradient, the percentage of the metropolitan population within a fixed radius of the central business district, and the number of population centers as defined by proximity of census tracts to regional density maxima.
59) Relatedly, the dance's polycentrism ensures that the sovereign people will get the benefit of numerous voices and perspectives before settling upon any particular constitutional arrangement.