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the theory that modern man (Neoan-thropinae) simultaneously evolved in several areas of the world. According to polycentrism, modern man developed in each area as a result of the independent evolution first of Archantropinae and then of Paleoanthropinae. In each case, a specific race appeared, such as Europeoid, Negroid, or Mongoloid. The American anthropologist F. Weidenreich is considered one of the originators of this theory. A supporter of polycentrism among Soviet scholars was G. F. Debets. Polycentrism tends to be disproved on the basis of the absence of morphological similarities between fossil remains of man and the races presently in existence in a given area. The great similarity between the various races with respect to many unrelated features also disproves the theory. Monocentrism is the opposing theory and more widely accepted by anthropologists.


Roginskii, Ia. Ia. Teorii monotsentrizma i politsentrizma v probleme proiskhozhdeniia sovremennogo cheloveka i ego ras. Moscow, 1949.
Roginskii, la. la. “Osnovnye antropologicheskie voprosy v probleme proiskhozhdeniia sovremennogo cheloveka.” In the collection Proiskhozhdenie cheloveka i drevnee rasselenie chelovechestva. Moscow, 1951. (In-ta etnografii AN SSSR, vol. 16.)
Nesturkh, M. F. Chelovecheskie rosy, 3rd ed. [Moscow, 1965.]


References in periodicals archive ?
In response, it has to be noted that the difficulties ostensibly raised by the circularity argument are by no means unique to legal polycentrism.
Following this logic, while polycentrism will stubbornly remain in places, the accelerating volume of global trade should lead to increasing levels of overall standardization.
See Jan Scholte, Globalization and Governance: From Statism to Polycentrism, CSGR Working Paper No.
The superpower relationship remains at the core of world politics, but it is greatly modified by the polycentrism that has emerged.
On the positive side, the concept of polycentrism encourages regulatory innovation and competition between regimes as well as "flexibility across issues and adaptability over time.
By legal polycentrism, on the other hand, I mean the view that law and defense are, in the relevant respect, no different from other goods and services normally supplied by the market, and that, in view of the generally acknowledged superior allocative properties of the market, freely competing protection and arbitration agencies would provide these goods at a much higher level of quality than a monopoly of force does, or--in a stronger version--that only under freely competitive conditions can the provision of protective and legal services be regarded as an unambiguous good in the first place (Tannehill and Tannehill, 1970; Rothbard, 1973; Molinari, 1977; Fielding, 1978; Friedman, 1989; Hoppe, 1999; Murphy, 2002; Stringham, 2007; Hasnas, 2008; Long 2008).
Among their topics are the role of mobility in building metropolitan polycentrism, generating potential fields and route simulation based on household travel surveys, impacts of road networks on urban mobility, household residential choices upon acquiring a single-family house, accessibility to proximity services in poor areas of the Island of Montreal, and the value of peri-urban landscapes in a French real estate market.
The polycentrism of markets and that of democratic polities differ in important respects.
As forecasted almost three decades ago by Perlmutter (1969), MNCs have evolved from the strict unitary orientations of either ethnocentrism or polycentrism to one of geocentrism regarding the development and implementation of a worldwide strategy.
This is a legitimate alternative to Heidegger's postmodernity, to the fideism of Lindbeck and Marion, and to the polycentrism of Tracy.
There are core movements in the technique that indicate some of the aesthetic aspects of the technique such as hot-feet, perpetual motion, polycentrism, infused spirituality and textured dimensionality.
In looking at discontinuities, they identify the shift form multipolarity to bipolarity, the growth of communist polycentrism, the collapse of communism, the emergence of the possibility of nuclear annihilation, shifting military abilities vis-a-vis the United States, changing political structures, the failure of the command economy, and leadership personalities as the most important factors influencing policy direction.