polycystic ovary syndrome

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polycystic ovary syndrome

a hormonal disorder in which the Graafian follicles in the ovary fail to develop completely so that they are unable to ovulate, remaining as multiple cysts that distend the ovary. The result is infertility, obesity, and hirsutism
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Objective: To compare the morphology of pelvic reproductive organs between fertile and infertile women with polycystic ovaries.
Polycystic ovaries were diagnosed for those having 12 or more follicles in either ovary (2-9 mm in diameter) accompanied with an increase in the ovarian density.
Current Definitions of PCOS Differ NIH Criteria (1990) Rotterdam Criteria (2003) AES Statement (2006) Should include: Should include at least Should include: least two: Hyperandrogenism, Clinical and/or Hyperandrogenism, biochemical or biochemical signs of either biochemical clinical hyperandrogenism or clinical or both Oligo-ovulation Oligo-ovulation and/or Oligo-ovulation or anovulation polycystic ovaries or both Exclusion of other Polycystic ovaries Exclusion of other known disorders androgen excess disorders Source: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Current Definitions of PCOS Differ Rotterdam Criteria (2003) NIH Criteria (1990) Should include at AES Statement (2006) Should include: least two: Should include: Hyperandrogenism, Clinical and/or Hyperandrogenism, biochemical or biochemical signs of either biochemical or clinical hyperandrogenism clinical or both Oligo-ovulation Oligo-ovulation and/ Oligo-ovulation or or anovulation polycystic ovaries or both Exclusion of other Polycystic ovaries Exclusion of other androgen known disorders excess disorders Source: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism ELSEVIER GLOBAL MEDICAL NEWS
The 133 sisters with polycystic ovaries had serum testosterone and fasting-insulin levels similar to those of their PCOS sisters.
Zaidi J Blood flow changes in the ovarian and uterine arteries in women with normal and polycystic ovaries.
Normal ovulatory women with polycystic ovaries have hyperandrogenic pituitary-ovarian responses to gonadotropin-releasing hormone-agonist testing.
We present a case of 22-year-old female who presented with hirsutism and on detailed evaluation she was diagnosed as case of nonclassical adrenal hyperplasia and polycystic ovaries.
Before undergoing acupuncture, the patient had "very infrequent" menstrual periods, and transvaginal ultrasound revealed polycystic ovaries.
The common metabolic derangements in full-blown PCOS--reduced HDL cholesterol, high triglycerides, and reduced insulin sensitivity--often occur in milder form in the many women who have polycystic ovaries without amenorrhea or obesity
In 2003, the Rotterdam consensus expanded the diagnostic criteria to include at least two of the following three features: clinical and/or biochemical hyperandrogenism, oligoanovulation, and polycystic ovaries, excluding other endocrinopathies.
Adolescent girls diagnosed with polycystic ovaries on ultrasound seen in the out patients department for menstrual problems were included in the study.