Polygenism


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.

Polygenism

 

a theory that views human races as different species having separate origins. Some advocates of polygenism contended that present-day mankind is represented not only by several species but even by several genera. Polygenism was used as the basis for various racist notions about the biological and intellectual inequality of human races. In the mid-19th century, for instance, the advocates of polygenism justified the legality of the slave trade. The untenability of polygenism is demonstrated by the similarity of various major characteristics, such as the structure of the hand and brain, among the races of modern man.

REFERENCES

Roginskii, la. Ia., and M. G. Levin. Antropologiia. Moscow, 1963.
Nesturkh, M. F. Proiskhozhdenie cheloveka, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
Where pre-Adamism had been used previously to buttress the heterodox thesis of human polygenism, it was now modified so that Christians could safely embrace both the seemingly heretical Darwinian Unity of Descent and the solidly orthodox Augustinian Unity of Descent.
Of course, the body of physical evidence also suggests that polygenism is false and supports that modern human evolved with their place origin located in Sub-Saharan Africa.
We may think that the writer of Genesis deliberately used Adam and Eve as literary types that represented the first human beings symbolically, in which instance, we can simply stretch the symbolism to include the original colonies of our ancestors, to be compatible with polygenism.
A second historical-critical strategy for resolving the conflict with polygenism is somewhat more critical (and, for conservative Protestants, controversial).
78) According to Summers, Winchell's "development of evolution and polygenism [sic]" had become "so pronounced in the last year as to raise and press the question, Is Prof.
47) He offers two examples: polygenism and artificial contraception.
At one extreme were believers in a separate creation for each race, conceived as distinct species (a position called polygenism in 1857).
19) D'Eichthal's attraction to polygenism grew as he met the Egyptologist George R.
De Salle strikingly believed that polygenism promoted exploitation.
42) In the geographers' periodical, he publicized sympathetically Bory's polygenism and Courtet's early papers.
Punctiliar polygenism is a similar approach, but says that God directly created his image in all existing humans simultaneously, and that all people subsequently fell into sin.
Vatican II maintained the doctrine of sin entering the world through Adam and Eve but was silent on the question of polygenism which is crucial to an evolutionary model.