Sixtus V

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Sixtus V,

1521–90, pope (1585–90), an Italian (b. near Montalto) named Felice Peretti; successor of Gregory XIII. He entered the Franciscan order in early youth. After ordination (1547) he became a famous preacher and was patronized by zealous leaders of the Counter ReformationCounter Reformation,
16th-century reformation that arose largely in answer to the Protestant Reformation; sometimes called the Catholic Reformation. Although the Roman Catholic reformers shared the Protestants' revulsion at the corrupt conditions in the church, there was present
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, notably Cardinal Carafa (later Paul IV), Cardinal Ghislieri (later St. Pius V), St. Philip Neri, and St. Ignatius of Loyola. From 1556 to 1560 he was counselor to the Inquisition in Venice, but his ardor caused trouble and he was recalled. In 1565 he went to Spain to look into the alleged heresy of the archbishop of Toledo and so seriously fell out with his companion, Cardinal Buoncompagni (later Gregory XIII), that they became enemies for life. He was created cardinal (1570) by St. Pius V. As pope, Sixtus V set about bringing order to the Papal States, which were at the mercy of brigands, and his methods, if violent, were successful. He spent a vast amount of money on the city of Rome, rebuilding countless churches, beautifying streets, and erecting new buildings and monuments. Sixtus left a tremendous surplus in the treasury by collecting new taxes, selling offices, and making loans. He reorganized the pontifical administration and the sacred college, which he set at the number of 70. He gave his sanction to Philip II of Spain's attempt to invade and restore Catholicism to England, an endeavor that ended in the defeat of the Spanish Armada. Sixtus V is one of the great figures of the Counter Reformation. He was succeeded by Urban VII.

Sixtus V

original name Felice Peretti. 1520--90, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1585--90). He is noted for vigorous administrative reforms that contributed to the Counter-Reformation
References in periodicals archive ?
36) It was repaired (and in the process slightly shortened) by order of Pope Sixtus V and moved to the Piazza del Popolo in 1589.
Pope Sixtus V (1585-90) reversed the anti-Jewish policy of former popes.
Philip II, unable to account for the fact that his messages were being read, complained to Pope Sixtus V (1521-1590) that the French were using sorcery and ought to suffer ecclesiastical punishment as a result.
Pope Sixtus V decreed that nine dawn masses starting December 16 be held in the Philippines in keeping with nine-day festivals of Filipinos to celebrate special Church feasts.
Not to be outdone, the Franciscan Pope Sixtus V designated the Franciscan Saint Bonaventure a doctor in 1588.
Among the six most intriguing documents is a letter in French from Mary, Queen of Scots to Pope Sixtus V, which was sent from Fotheringay Castle in Northamptonshire, England, in November 1586.
The Roman curia was not established until 1588, by Pope Sixtus V.
At the end of the sixteenth century, Pope Sixtus V established a water supply to the hill areas in Rome.
In the 16th Century, Pope Sixtus V decreed that dawn masses should be held in the Philippines on December 16-24, for farmers to hear mass before field work.
Mary, a rallying point for the Catholic cause, wrote the letter in French to Pope Sixtus V from Fotheringay Castle in Northants in November 1586.
Fifty years after the death of Clement VII in 1534, the papal throne was occupied by Pope Sixtus V, whose five-year reign (1585-1590) represented the culmination of this process of reconstruction.