Urban VIII

(redirected from Pope Urban VIII)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Urban VIII,

1568–1644, pope (1623–44), a Florentine named Maffeo Barberini; successor of Gregory XV. Throughout his pontificate the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
..... Click the link for more information.
 raged in Germany. For various political reasons, Urban gave little help to the Catholics. The old story that Urban rejoiced at Protestant victories because he hated the Hapsburgs is, however, false. His policy in Italy was unsuccessful, and he was humiliated by defeat at the hands of the Farnese of Parma.

Urban was very active in church affairs: he published the revised breviary, normalized liturgical practice, canonized many saints, instituted new orders, and continued the reformation of the church. He built and decorated extensively in Rome. Urban sanctioned the second condemnation of GalileoGalileo
(Galileo Galilei) , 1564–1642, great Italian astronomer, mathematician, and physicist. By his persistent investigation of natural laws he laid foundations for modern experimental science, and by the construction of astronomical telescopes he greatly enlarged
..... Click the link for more information.
 for his support of the Copernican theory that placed the sun, rather than the earth, at the center of the universe, but later freed him. He condemned the posthumous work of Cornelis JansenJansen, Cornelis
, 1585–1638, Dutch Roman Catholic theologian. He studied at the Univ. of Louvain and became imbued with the idea of reforming Christian life along the lines of a return to St. Augustine.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Augustinus. Urban's strict legislation against easy acceptance of miracles is still in effect. He was succeeded by Innocent X.

References in periodicals archive ?
POPE URBAN VIII Galileo, my old friend; I hope time has healed your wounds, and that we can still call each other 'friend.
Now attributed to da Vinci's assistant, Giovanni Boltraffio, the portrait, of the poet Girolamo Casio, was given to King Charles I in 1636 as a gift in from Cardinal Francesco Barberini on behalf of his uncle, Pope Urban VIII.
When he became Pope Urban VIII, however, he threatened Galileo with torture until he recanted and denied the validity of his data.
In Bertold Brecht's Galileo Pope Urban VIII threatens the Florentine mathematician with torture unless he recants his support for Copernicus' heretical theories.
But in 1626 pope Urban VIII, who admired Campanella as a thinker, found a pretext to have him transferred from the royal prison in Naples to the Inquisition's prison in Rome; and so for several years he enjoyed a period of relative freedom.
Her main evidence for this view, unfortunately, are statements of Pope Urban VIII and his theologian, Agostino Aregggi, neither of whom were Dominicans or Thomists.
Morandi stood accused of a serious crime: that of having predicted, by means of judicial astrology, the imminent death of Pope Urban VIII.
In 1624 she submitted her plan to Pope Urban VIII for official approval.
Peter's was consecrated in 1626, 1300 years after the original Constantinian basilica, the great challenge to decorate the immense church was taken as a stimulating opportunity by the reigning pope Urban VIII.
Malvasia indicated that Reni's relationships with Philip IV Habsburg, Pope Urban VIII and his nephew Cardinal Francesco Barberini, the papal legate Cardinal Bernardino Spada, and Marie de' Medici helped shape the Helen.
Frederick Hammond's book on Barbarini patronage is as painstakingly researched as his lengthy and well-known studies on Girolamo Frescobaldi, a Roman composer whose last decade was spent in the orbit of Pope Urban VIII and his nephews.
In this thought-provoking study, Aercke explores a series of lavish, festive performances composed for and performed at the courts of absolute rulers in Europe between the 1630s and the 1680s: Sant'Alessio, at the Barbarini court of Pope Urban VIII in Rome; El Mayor Encanto, Amor, at the court of Philip IV in Madrid; Ercole Amante and La Princesse d'Elide, at the court of Louis XIV at Versailles; and Il Pomo d'Oro at the court of Leopold I in Vienna.