Popper

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popper

Slang an amyl nitrite capsule, which is crushed and its contents inhaled by drug users as a stimulant

Popper

Sir Karl. 1902--94, British philosopher, born in Vienna. In The Logic of Scientific Discovery (1934), he proposes that knowledge cannot be absolutely confirmed, but rather that science progresses by the experimental refutation of the current theory and its consequent replacement by a new theory, equally provisional but covering more of the known data. The Open Society and its Enemies (1945) is a critique of dogmatic political philosophies, such as Marxism. Other works are The Poverty of Historicism (1957), Conjectures and Refutations (1963), and Objective Knowledge (1972)

Popper

An early Unix POP server, which was written at the University of California at Berkeley.
References in periodicals archive ?
The alternative Popperian approach involves acquiring knowledge through posing a hypothesis, testing it, then reformulating your hypothesis in an iterative process (Popper 1963, De Bruin 2006).
In Popperian terms, it is a tentative theory, but one which is defensible until such time as it may be refuted.
It speaks against Mosini's claim that F53 provides support to neoliberalism--for example, one may criticise Friedman's unfalsifiable predictions in his Newsweek and Business Week articles (Brady 1986) by appealing to Popperian lines in F53, such as the following: one hypothesis is superior to another if 'it is part of a more general theory that applies to a wider variety of phenomena, .
Thus, both Berlinean skepticism and Popperian uncertainty serve as antidotes to dogmatism and fanaticism, which are two great enemies of liberty in Vargas Llosa's worldview.
These Popperian scientific deficiencies, especially regarding the scarce and non-existing role of idealization in science, has been summarized by Nowak that way:
The last one is a Popperian metaphor for the "world of the products of the human mind," which mediates between the world of knowledge in the subjective sense and the world of knowledge in the objective sense.
On the other hand, I strongly suspect, as others did, (21) that the essence of this shift perhaps has always largely been the healthy Popperian falsification.
In his influential book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (Kuhn, 1962), Thomas Kuhn (1922-1996) challenged the Popperian ideal of science as essentially concerned with logically falsifying predictions of theories.
Brian looked at past paradigm shifts and eventual recognition of neglected contributions that represent self-correction, and I was delighted to hear him challenge one of the current paradigms, the Popperian notion of falsifiability.
The foundation of economy method: a Popperian perspective, London, Routledge, 2003.
A few, including Mark Blaug (1992), advocate Popperian falsificationism (which at least assigns a positive role to empirical investigation): to avoid the supposed perils of induction, we should be bold with our conjectures, entertaining only those that have testable implications, and ruthlessly eliminating those that fail the tests.
Very often, when I am called upon to discuss public-funding of biology with elected officials or decision makers, the framework for the discussion is technology as opposed to Popperian science.