poppy

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Related to Poppy plant: Coca plant, Papaver somniferum

poppy,

common name for some members of the Papaveraceae, a family composed chiefly of herbs of the Northern Hemisphere having a characteristic milky or colored sap. Most species are native to the Old World; many are cultivated in gardens for their brilliantly colored if short-lived blossoms. Many of the species have several varieties and show a wide range of colors, especially in red, yellow, and white shades.

The true poppy genus is Papaver, but many flowers of related genera are also called poppies. The most frequently cultivated are the Oriental poppy (P. orientale), usually bearing a large scarlet flower with a purplish black base, and the corn poppy (P. rhoeas) and its variety, the Shirley poppy. Other well-known species include the arctic Iceland poppy (P. nudicaule), the celandine poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum) of North America, and the cream cups (Platystemon californica) and California poppy, or eschscholtzia (Eschscholtzia californica), of the W United States (the latter is the state flower of California).

The Old World greater celandine (Chelidonium majus), also called swallowwart or wartweed, was formerly believed efficacious in removing warts and in restoring failing eyesight. (The lesser celandine is an unrelated plant of the buttercupbuttercup
or crowfoot,
common name for the Ranunculaceae, a family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs of cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Thought to be one of the most primitive families of dicotyledenous plants, the Ranunculaceae typically have a simple
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 family.) The orange-red sap of the bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis), an early spring wildflower of E North America, was used by Native Americans as a dye and skin stain. This and many other members of the family are employed for various medicinal purposes.

Economically, the most important plant in the family is the opium poppy (P. somniferum), now widely cultivated from Europe to East Asia. The milky sap of its unripe seed pods is the source of opiumopium,
substance derived by collecting and drying the milky juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Opium varies in color from yellow to dark brown and has a characteristic odor and a bitter taste.
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 and several other similar drugs, e.g., morphinemorphine,
principal derivative of opium, which is the juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. It was first isolated from opium in 1803 by the German pharmacist F. W. A. Sertürner, who named it after Morpheus, the god of dreams.
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, codeinecodeine
, alkaloid found in opium. It is a narcotic whose effects, though less potent, resemble those of morphine. An effective cough suppressant, it is mainly used in cough medicines. Like other narcotics, codeine is addictive. See drug addiction and drug abuse.
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, and heroinheroin
, opiate drug synthesized from morphine (see narcotic). Originally produced in 1874, it was thought to be not only nonaddictive but useful as a cure for respiratory illness and morphine addiction, and capable of relieving morphine withdrawal symptoms.
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. Poppyseed, also called maw seed, is not narcotic; used as birdseed and for a flavoring or garnish in baking, it is also ground for flour. Poppy oil, derived from the seeds, is employed in cooking and illumination and in paints, varnishes, and soaps.

The poppy has been the symbol of the dead and of sleep since antiquity. The poppies of "Flanders fields" are celebrated in a poem by John McCrae and are the Memorial Day or Armistice Day (Veterans' Day in the United States) emblem of World War veterans. Poppies are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Papaverales, family Papaveraceae.

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poppy

poppy

Poppies contain both morphine and codeine, which are pain-relieving drugs that are still used today. They come in all colors, with 4-6 petals. Many contain opiates, so they make you feel peaceful. Ancient doctors had their patients eat poppy seeds to relieve pain. The seeds contain the most medicinal properties. Poppy is used for pain, insomnia, nervousness, and chronic coughs. Don’t use if you’re being tested for drugs, as it can cause you to test positive.(This includes poppy seeds used in baked goods!)

poppy

[′päp·ē]
(botany)
Any of various ornamental herbs of the genus Papaver, family Papaveraceae, with large, showy flowers; opium is obtained from the fruits of the opium poppy (P. somniferum).

poppyhead, poppy

poppyhead
An ornament generally used for the finials of pew ends and similar pieces of church furniture.

poppy

of Greece. [Flower Symbolism: WB, 7: 264]

poppy

symbol of consolation. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 176; Kunz, 329]
See: Grief

poppy

attribute of Hypnos, Greek god of sleep. [Art: Hall, 250]
See: Sleep

poppy

1. any of numerous papaveraceous plants of the temperate genus Papaver, having red, orange, or white flowers and a milky sap: see corn poppy, Iceland poppy, opium poppy
2. any of several similar or related plants, such as the California poppy, prickly poppy, horned poppy, and Welsh poppy
3. Obsolete any of the drugs, such as opium, that are obtained from these plants
4. a strong red to reddish-orange colour
References in periodicals archive ?
Each part of the poppy plant with different chemical composition and active ingredients are used differently.
Here the response variables were numbers of poppy plants germinating, the number surviving to flower, and the total number of fruits produced over two seasons.
Moldova is not a major drug-producing country, but has a climate favorable for cultivating marijuana and poppy plants.
The acquired business includes analgesics produced from raw materials found in opium poppy plants to treat moderate to severe pain.
Up until now scientists have used opium from poppy plants to create morphine, which can also be used illegally to make heroin.
The business comprises analgesics made from raw materials extracted from poppy plants and includes two manufacturing sites in the states of Tasmania and Victoria.
The first is whether Mexico should relax laws governing the consumption and production of marijuana and poppy plants.
The seeds are banned in the UAE as the poppy plants can be used to make opium.
Most of the heroin seized in Europe originates from poppy plants cultivated by poor farmers in Afghanistan.
Myanmar is the source of nearly one-quarter of the poppy plants used to make opium and heroin, making it the world's second-largest illegal opiate supplier after Afghanistan, the United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC) said.
Personnel from the Investigation and Criminal Investigation Administration of the Royal Oman Police of Dakhiliyah governorate arrested three persons of Asian nationality for cultivation of narcotic poppy plants in the wilayat of Dakhiliyah.