Black Poplar(redirected from Populus nigra)
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(Populus nigra), a dioecious, deciduous tree of the family Salicaceae. It is up to 30 m tall and has a diameter of up to 2 m. The crown is broad and heavily branched. The leaves are ovate-rhomboid or broadly deltoid. The flowers, which are in catkins, appear before the leaves. The black poplar is found in Eurasia, mainly in temperate regions. In the USSR it grows in the European part (except the north), the Caucasus, Middle Asia, and Southern Siberia (to the Enisei). It is found on the fioodplains of large rivers, along lakes, and in dried up riverbeds. In countries of the temperate zone, the black poplar is cultivated in orchards and parks. It is also planted to reinforce riverbanks and to protect fields. The timber is used in the production of cellulose, in construction, and for packing.
REFERENCESDerev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1951.
Bogdanov, P. L. Topolia i ikh kul’tura, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1965.