Posadnik


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Posadnik

 

originally the prince’s vicegerent in the territories constituting the early Russian state. The term was first used in the Primary Chronicle under the year 997. It later designated the highest official position in Novgorod and Pskov; the position was abolished in these cities after their annexation to the Russian state.

The posadnik was elected at the veche (popular meeting) from among members of the richest and most distinguished boyar families. In Novgorod, the reform of Ontsifor Lukinich (1354) replaced the posadnik with six officials elected for life (elder posadniki), one of whom would be elected yearly as the functioning, or active, posadnik The reform of 1416—17 raised the number of posadniki to 18 and stipulated that the active posadnik would be elected for six months. Between 1308 and 1510, there were 78 posadniki in Pskov.

REFERENCES

Kafengauz, B. B. Drevnii Pskov: Ocherki po istorii feodal’noi respubliki. Moscow, 1969.
Ianin, V.L. Novgorodskie posadniki. Moscow, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
In his absence, an aristocracy drawn from the most powerful local clans monopolized the elective offices of posadnik (mayor) and tysiatskii ("thousandman"), (2) sharing power with the veche, if not controlling it.
19) But during his nine-day visit to the city, Lannoy met other town officials (seigneurs, or "lords"), the tysiatskii (whom he called dux), and the posadnik (bourchgrave).
Although their article's focus was on Marfa Boretskaia, the late 15th-century wife of a posadnik who, through legends and tales, took on the aura of the matriarch of the anti-Muscovite faction in the city, Lenhoff and Martin argued that the "Slovesa izbranna," the late 15th-century tract that laid out the original black image of Marfa as a traitor and heretic, was probably written in Archbishop Feofil's scriptorium to exonerate the archbishop and keep him from suffering the grand prince's wrath by putting the blame on Marfa.
76) In 335, Vasilii paid for the construction of a wall around the Market Side of the city, in conjunction with the posadnik and tysiatskii.
It also noted that "having deliberated much, the posadnik and the tysiatskii and all Novgorod and the abbots (hegumens) and priests decided not to make a choice for themselves by human means but decided to accept God's decision and to trust in His mercy, and let God designate whomever He and Holy Wisdom should desire.
Archbishop Vasilii, in consultation with the posadniks (mayors) of Novgorod, replied, perhaps wisely, that since the Russians had received the Eastern Orthodox faith from Constantinople, the king should send men there if he wished to debate.