artery

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Related to Posterior tibial artery: peroneal artery, Anterior tibial artery, Dorsalis pedis artery

artery,

blood vessel that conveys blood away from the heartheart,
muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of the body. The rhythmic beating of the heart is a ceaseless activity, lasting from before birth to the end of life. Anatomy and Function

The human heart is a pear-shaped structure about the size of a fist.
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. Except for the pulmonary artery, which carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs, arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues. The largest arterial trunk is the aortaaorta
, primary artery of the circulatory system in mammals, delivering oxygenated blood to all other arteries except those of the lungs. The human aorta, c.1 in. (2.54 cm) in diameter, originates at the left ventricle of the heart.
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, branches of which divide and subdivide into ever-smaller tubes, or arterioles, until they terminate as minute capillariescapillary
, microscopic blood vessel, smallest unit of the circulatory system. Capillaries form a network of tiny tubes throughout the body, connecting arterioles (smallest arteries) and venules (smallest veins).
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, the latter connecting with the veinsvein,
blood vessel that returns blood to the heart. Except for the pulmonary vein, which carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart, veins carry deoxygenated blood. The oxygen-depleted blood passes from the capillaries to the venules (small veins).
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 (see circulatory systemcirculatory system,
group of organs that transport blood and the substances it carries to and from all parts of the body. The circulatory system can be considered as composed of two parts: the systemic circulation, which serves the body as a whole except for the lungs, and the
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). Other important arteries are the subclavian and brachial arteries of the shoulder and arm, the carotid arteries that lead to the head, the coronary arteries that nourish the heart itself, and the iliac and femoral arteries of the abdomen and lower extremities. The walls of the large arteries have three layers: a tough elastic outer coat, a layer of muscular tissue, and a smooth, thin inner coat. Arterial walls expand and contract with each heartbeat, pumping blood throughout the body. The pulsating movement of blood, or pulsepulse,
alternate expansion and contraction of artery walls as heart action varies blood volume within the arteries. Artery walls are elastic. Hence they become distended by increased blood volume during systole, or contraction of the heart.
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, may be felt where the large arteries lie near the body surface.

artery

[′ärd·ə·rē]
(anatomy)
A vascular tube that carries blood away from the heart.

artery

any of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body
References in periodicals archive ?
SWV values were higher in monophasic flow patterns in the posterior tibial artery than in those without monophasic flow patterns at patient groups and it was the statistically significant difference in SWV mean values (p<0.
The death pulse should be read on the posterior tibial artery as Tibetan medical philosophy asserts that when the death cycle takes place, dissolution or disintegration of the energies of the body begin from the lower part of the body.
Another article retrospectively gathered accounts of pseudoaneurysms of the popliteal artery and tibioperoneal arteries reporting two lesions of the posterior tibial artery, pseudoaneurysm of the anterior tibial, and peroneal pseudoaneurysm.
Brachial, radial, and ulnar artery were examined from the upper limbs and popliteal, anterior and posterior tibial artery from the lower limbs.
With the patient prone, the posterior tibial artery can be palpated (immediately posterior to the medial malleolus) and used as a landmark.
The tarsal tunnel is a fibro-osseous structure along the medial ankle that contains the tibial nerve, the posterior tibial artery, and the tendons of the tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, and flexor hallucis longus.
The ABI measurement involves comparing systolic blood pressures of the upper extremity brachial artery with systolic blood pressures of the lower extremity, including the anterior or posterior tibial artery or the dorsal pedis artery.
The aorta, common iliac artery (CIA), external iliac artery (EIA), common femoral artery (CFA), superficial femoral artery (SFA), deep femoral artery (DFA), popliteal artery (PA), anterior tibial artery (ATA), tibio-peroneal trunk (TPT), peroneal artery (PEA) and posterior tibial artery (PTA) were examined in each leg.
The most useful perforators arise from either the posterior tibial artery or the peroneal vessels.

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