Postposition

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Related to Postpositions: preposition, Adposition

Postposition

 

a class of auxiliary words having the meaning of prepositions, but occurring postpositively, that is, after the words they govern. Postpositions are common in various languages, including the Finno-Ugric, Turkic, Mongolian, Caucasian, and Tunguso-Manchurian. Examples are seen in the Tatar tavlar arasïnda (“between the mountains”; arasïnda means “between”), the Chuvash shïv urla (“across the river”; urla means “across”), and the Hungarian a tábla mellett (“beside the board”; mellett means “beside”). Some postpositions may take a case ending, as can be seen by comparing the Zyrian pu vylyn (“on the tree”; locative case), pu vylyś (“away from the tree”; ablative case), and pu vylǝ (“onto the tree”; aditive case). In some instances, postpositions are also used as substantives and with an independent meaning, as in the Tatar ara (“space,” “interval”) and arasïnda (“between”) and the Udmurt vylyn (“on”) and vyl (“surface”).

References in periodicals archive ?
TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1969; [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1996; [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1998b), while many of the differences concern the structure and interactions of case systems and the systems of postpositions.
The relational prefixes have been so called by Rodrigues since his early studies on the Tupinamba language (RODRIGUES, 1952, 1953), because their fundamental function is to relate a dependent stem--noun, postposition or verb--to its determiner, enabling it to occur in the syntax.
There are special postpositions (like vandaan and af) and there are prepositions that also appear as postpositions (see Helmantel [2002] for an extensive overview).
are expressed as suffixes and postpositions at the end of the root word, rather than as prefixes.
An ergative marker, -a, may have developed recently, as it attaches at the end in a fashion similar to postpositions and does not seem to have any other allomorphs: cf.
We had to correct some wrong tag assignments by ChaSen, in particular regarding different uses of postpositions.
After stating the subject and producing all the direct and indirect objects (remembering to attach postpositions rather than prepositions) and adverbs that belong in the middle, she would often forget what the verb was, an experience akin to starting a sentence in L1 and forgetting what you are about to say.
Givon, "The Gramaticalization of Verbs to Postpositions in Ute", p.
The leftward direction of Taste-assignment in a language such as English or French, for example, predicts that the language will have prepositions and not postpositions: this follows as a theorem, for if the language had postpositions, the postpositions would form a constituent with their complement and therefore, although in a correct linear position to assign Taste, could not assign Taste by condition (3).
Awar, for instance, features a dual for the nouns and the adjectives, and features postpositions, rather than prepositions as in English.
Par exemple, le neerlandais de Berbice a (comme l'ijo) des postpositions que le modele universaliste bickertonien ne permet meme pas; d'autant plus que Bickerton (1981, 1984) pretend que les prepositions n'existent pas dans la grammaire du bioprogramme.
Lehmann concludes the volume with a typological and diachronic sketch of OE postpositions as residues of older OV word order, showing its relevance for newer approaches to syntactic change in English and in general (p.