Potidaea


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Related to Potidaea: Chaeronea, Aegospotami, Nicias

Potidaea

(pŏtĭdē`ə), ancient city, NE Greece, at the narrowest point of the Pallene (now Kassándra) peninsula in Chalcidice (now Khalkidhikí). It was a Corinthian colony (c.600 B.C.) but joined the Athenian-dominated Delian League. Potidaea revolted (432) against Athens with Corinthian help, providing one of the incitements to the Peloponnesian WarPeloponnesian War
, 431–404 B.C., decisive struggle in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta. It ruined Athens, at least for a time. The rivalry between Athens' maritime domain and Sparta's land empire was of long standing. Athens under Pericles (from 445 B.C.
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. Athens recaptured (430 or 429) the city. Philip IIPhilip II,
382–336 B.C., king of Macedon (359–336 B.C.), son of Amyntas II. While a hostage in Thebes (367–364), he gained much knowledge of Greece and its people.
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 of Macedon took (356) Potidaea and may have destroyed it in the ensuing war. Rebuilt by Cassander, the city was named Cassandreia.

Potidaea

 

(Poteidaia or Potidaia), an ancient Greek city on the Pallini (Kassandra) Peninsula of Chalcidice. Founded circa 600 B.C. by the Corinthians, Potidaea became a member of the Delian League. However, because of an increase in the phoros (the annual levy required from league members) and interference by Athens in the city’s domestic affairs, Potidaea seceded from the league in 432 B.C. This action was one of the causes of the Peloponnesian War of 431–404 B.C.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sediment on the northern Greek peninsula where Potidaea and the modern town of Nea Poteidaia are located shows signs of massive marine events, such as large waves, the Aachen study found.
As the Corinthians later reminded the Athenians, were it not for their dissent the Second Peloponnesian War might well have started over Samos in 441 rather than over Corcyra, Potidaea, and Megara in 431 (1.
One proxy was Corcyra, an island off the northwestern coast of Greece in the Ionian Sea, the other Potidaea, a city on the Chalcidic Peninsula, in the Aegean Sea in northeastern Greece.
Significantly, representatives from Potidaea convinced the Spartan authorities to promise to invade Attica once their rebellion began (1.
just in case the Spartans did not get the point, however, the Corinthians concluded their speech with a demand that Sparta "assist your allies and Potidaea, in particular, as you promised, by a speedy invasion of Attica" and "not sacrifice friends and kindred to their bitterest enemies, and drive the rest of us in despair to some other alliance" (1.
Invading Attica could aid allies like Corinth and Potidaea but was unlikely to win the war.
This explains why lifting the siege of Potidaea and repealing the Megarian decree, which denied the Megarians the ability to trade with the Delian League, were part of the Spartan ultimatums and pretexts for war (1.
That totality (from the Athenian viewpoint, expanding via Corcyra, securing the empire against revolt at Potidaea, pressuring Megara to defect to the Delian League through economic sanctions, etc.
The ante-bellum events at Megara, Potidaea and Corcyra (Thuc.
85, 214), and the incident is recalled when Socrates saved Alcibiades' life at Potidaea.
I now think that this was an overstatement, especially since a few lines before making the statement quoted above Socrates refers to his military commanders at Potidaea, Amphipolis, and Delium as his superiors, though he does not use the word beltion to describe them; and there is no reason to think that he would have thought of them as better human beings than he.