Potsdam Conference


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Potsdam Conference,

meeting (July 17–Aug. 2, 1945) of the principal Allies in World War II (the United States, the USSR, and Great Britain) to clarify and implement agreements previously reached at the Yalta ConferenceYalta Conference,
meeting (Feb. 4–11, 1945), at Yalta, Crimea, USSR, of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin.
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. The chief representatives were President Truman, Premier Stalin, Prime Minister Churchill, and, after Churchill's defeat in the British elections, Prime Minister Attlee. The foreign ministers of the three nations were also present. The so-called Potsdam Agreement transferred the chief authority in Germany to the American, Russian, British, and French military commanders in their respective zones of occupation and to a four-power Allied Control Council for matters regarding the whole of Germany. The Allies set up a new system of rule for Germany, aimed at outlawing National Socialism and abolishing Nazi ideology, at disarming Germany and preventing its again becoming a military power, and at fostering democratic ideals and introducing representative and elective principles of government. The German economy was to be decentralized, and monopolies were to be broken up; the development of agriculture was to be emphasized in reorganizing the German economy. All former German territory E of the Oder and Neisse rivers was transferred to Polish and Soviet administration, pending a final peace treaty. The German population in these territories and in other parts of Eastern Europe was to be transferred to Germany. A mode for German reparationsreparations,
payments or other compensation offered as an indemnity for loss or damage. Although the term is used to cover payments made to Holocaust survivors and to Japanese Americans interned during World War II in so-called relocation camps (and used as well to describe
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 payments was outlined. A Council of Foreign MinistersForeign Ministers, Council of,
organization of the foreign ministers of the World War II Allies—the United States, Great Britain, France, and the USSR—that, in a long series of meetings, attempted to reach political settlements after the war.
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 was established to consider peace settlements. The so-called Potsdam Declaration issued (July 26) by the conference presented an ultimatum to Japan, offering that nation the choice between unconditional surrender and total destruction. (The atom bomb was not actually mentioned.) Rarely was any agreement so consistently breached as was the Potsdam Agreement. The work of the Allied Control Council for Germany was at first blocked by France, which did not feel bound by an agreement to which it had not been party; the council had not even begun to function when the rift caused by the cold warcold war,
term used to describe the shifting struggle for power and prestige between the Western powers and the Communist bloc from the end of World War II until 1989. Of worldwide proportions, the conflict was tacit in the ideological differences between communism and
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 broke it up. The vague wording and tentative provisions of the Potsdam Agreement, allowing a wide range of interpretation, have been blamed for its failure.

Potsdam Conference

unconditional Japanese surrender demanded; war crimes trials planned (July, 1945). [World Hist.: Van Doren, 507]
References in periodicals archive ?
The 18thC Sanssouci, Frederick the Great's summer retreat, is arguably the most striking, but pretty Cecilienhof - built by Kaiser Wilhelm II a century ago - hosted the historic Potsdam Conference.
1945: The Potsdam conference of Allied leaders began with Truman, Stalin and Churchill in attendance.
At the Potsdam Conference in July and August 1945, without consulting the Korean people, the allies unilaterally decided to divide Korea, a clear violation of the Cairo Conference.
While in post-war Berlin to cover the Potsdam Conference, an American military journalist is drawn into a murder investigation which involves his former mistress and his driver
Bush, Willa Cather, coal mining, the Confederate States of America, Miles Davis, the Dust Bowl, the Enola Gay, the Free Soil Party, French and Dutch immigration, The Grapes of Wrath, William Randolph Hearst, indentured servitude, the Internet revolution, Henry Kissinger, the Ku Klux Klan, Malcolm X, muckraking, the My Lai Massacre, the Potsdam Conference, Students for a Democratic Society, the telegraph, weapons of mass destruction, and Brigham Young.
Following the final defeat of the Nazis in Europe in May 1945, the Czechs, full of hatred for their oppressors, launched a policy of vengeful expulsion, an initiative ultimately sanctioned by the Allies at the Potsdam Conference in July 1945.
At the Potsdam Conference outside Berlin in July 1945, the Allies divided Germany into four occupation zones: The American, British, and French zones would ultimately constitute West Germany, a democratic republic; the Soviets established a socialist state in their zone, which became East Germany.
1945 The Potsdam Conference began between the victorious allied leaders Truman, Churchill and Stalin.
Set in a bombed-out Berlin soon after the Second World War, Clooney plays a journalist sent to Germany to cover the Potsdam Conference where Churchill, Truman and Stalin will decide the future of Europe.
Shot in black and white by close friend Steven Soderbergh, it's an impressive post-Second World War drama in which George plays a military correspondent covering the Potsdam Conference who must deal with a murder mystery involving his ex-girlfriend.
In his opening remarks as a guest speaker at the conference, Klaus Theo Schroder, German State Secretary in the Health Ministry, summed up the findings of the Potsdam conference in January (see Europolitics 3223), voicing the need for "regulations with real added value".
Soderbuddy George Clooney plays Jake Geismer, a correspondent who comes to the rubble of Berlin to cover the Potsdam Conference.