Potawatomi

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Potawatomi

(pŏt'əwŏt`əmē), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They are closely related to the Ojibwa and Ottawa; their traditions state that all three were originally one people. The Potawatomi are of the Eastern Woodlands cultural area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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).

In the early 17th cent., when first encountered by the whites, the Potawatomi lived near the mouth of Green Bay in Wisconsin. By the end of the century, however, they had been driven (probably by the Sioux) S along Lake Michigan and were settled on both sides of the southern end of the lake. After the Illinois were conquered (c.1765), they advanced into NE Illinois, S Michigan, and later NW Indiana. They were friendly to the French and aided them against the English. The Potawatomi supported Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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, fought against the United States in the battles headed by Little Turtle, took part in the battle of Fallen Timbers, and signed the Treaty of Greenville (1795). They sided with the British in the War of 1812. With the advancing frontier, the Potawatomi retreated westward to Iowa and Kansas, although a portion went to Walpole Island in Canada. From the reservation in Kansas where they had gathered, a large group moved (1868) to Oklahoma Indian Territory; this group, which held lands in severalty, became known as Citizen Potawatomi. They also have reservations in Michigan and Wisconsin. In 1990 there were close to 17,000 Potawatomi in the United States; another group has a reserve in Ontario. Their name is also spelled Potawatami, Pottawatami, and Pottawatomi.

Bibliography

See R. Landes, The Prairie Potawatomi (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
The following spring, Pontiac travelled to Oswego with chiefs of the Ottawa, Pottawatomi, Huron, and Chippewa for a grand peace council with William Johnson, the Superintendent for Indian Affairs in the Northern Department, and the chiefs of the Six Nations.
Much of Odjig's work deals with the history of the Three Fires Confederacy from the 1800s which included the Ojibway, Odawa, and Pottawatomi tribes.
Our partnering with the Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians (the "Gun Lake Tribe"), in the development and ongoing management of the Gun Lake Casino, which opened in February 2011.
Great Spirit Circle Trail is owned and operated by eight First Nation communities, and represents the Ojibwe, Odawa and Pottawatomi peoples.
The Gun Lake Casino, owned by the Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians and developed and managed by MPM Enterprises LLC ("MPM"), of which Station Casinos, Inc.
Gun Lake Casino in Michigan, owned by the Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish-Band of Pottawatomi Indians and managed my MPM Enterprises LLC, an entity affiliated with Stations Casinos, Inc.
The Sagamok Anishnawbek First Nation community is located on the north shore of Lake Huron with an on reserve population of 1,400 people of the Ojibwe, Odawa and Pottawatomi tribes.
Department of Interior's decision to issue a Notice of Intent to place land in trust for gaming purposes for the Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians (commonly known as the Gun Lake Tribe) in Wayland Township, Michigan.
Pursuant to a Memorandum dated April 18, 2005, the Office of the Secretary of the United States Department of the Interior indicated its approval of the conveyance of approximately 145 acres of property located approximately 25 miles north of Kalamazoo, Michigan into trust for the benefit of the Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians (the "Gun Lake Tribe"), subject to publication of notice and expiration of the 30-day waiting period required by law.
The Company has also entered into development and management agreements with the Federated Indians of the Graton Rancheria for a gaming and entertainment facility in Sonoma County, California, the Mechoopda Indian Tribe of Chico Rancheria for a facility in Chico, California and the Gun Lake Band of Pottawatomi Indians for a facility in Wayland Township, Michigan.