Potawatomi

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Potawatomi

(pŏt'əwŏt`əmē), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They are closely related to the Ojibwa and Ottawa; their traditions state that all three were originally one people. The Potawatomi are of the Eastern Woodlands cultural area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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).

In the early 17th cent., when first encountered by the whites, the Potawatomi lived near the mouth of Green Bay in Wisconsin. By the end of the century, however, they had been driven (probably by the Sioux) S along Lake Michigan and were settled on both sides of the southern end of the lake. After the Illinois were conquered (c.1765), they advanced into NE Illinois, S Michigan, and later NW Indiana. They were friendly to the French and aided them against the English. The Potawatomi supported Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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, fought against the United States in the battles headed by Little Turtle, took part in the battle of Fallen Timbers, and signed the Treaty of Greenville (1795). They sided with the British in the War of 1812. With the advancing frontier, the Potawatomi retreated westward to Iowa and Kansas, although a portion went to Walpole Island in Canada. From the reservation in Kansas where they had gathered, a large group moved (1868) to Oklahoma Indian Territory; this group, which held lands in severalty, became known as Citizen Potawatomi. They also have reservations in Michigan and Wisconsin. In 1990 there were close to 17,000 Potawatomi in the United States; another group has a reserve in Ontario. Their name is also spelled Potawatami, Pottawatami, and Pottawatomi.

Bibliography

See R. Landes, The Prairie Potawatomi (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
at 349-50 ("Since the origin of the right to be enforced is the Treaty [between the United States and the Pottawatomie Nation of Indians], plainly whatever rule we fashion is ultimately attributable to the Constitution, treaties or statutes of the United States, and does not owe its authority to the law-making agencies of Kansas.
The immediate project is the Quinlan fields consisting of three wells located within the Shawnee field in Pottawatomie County.
Circulation and settlement patterns of the Calumet Region of northwest Indiana and northeast Illinois (the first stage of occupance--the Pottawatomie and the fur trader, -1830).
Doe (prayer before football games at a public school); and Pottawatomie County v.
In May of that year, Brown earned notoriety after he and his men waged a surprise attack on a pro-slave settlement on Pottawatomie Creek, brutally slashing five men.
Thoreau's refusal to acknowledge either publicly or privately the massacre at Pottawatomie and the brutal reality of Brown's conduct reflects his preference of subjective vision over scientific observation.
1951) A mechanical and petrographic analysis of the Garber Sandstone in Cleveland and Pottawatomie Counties.
JANUARY 23--FIRST NATIVE AMERICAN SENATOR On this day in 1907, Charles Curtis, of Kaw, Osage, and Pottawatomie ancestry on his mother's side, was sworn in as the U.
49) Similarly, an unknown number of Quakers supported John Brown, who had butchered five unarmed settlers in their beds at Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas.
Chenault, a member of the Prairie Band Pottawatomie and vice provost of Haskell Indian College, speculates that American Indian culture may be so attractive because it has been romanticized by mainstream American culture.