Poultry Farm

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Poultry Farm


an enterprise that produces poultry products on a commercial basis. Poultry farms are usually located near large cities and industrial centers in order to supply the population with fresh eggs and meat. The first such farms in the USSR—the Brattsevo, Glebovo, and Tomilino farms in Moscow Oblast—were established between 1930 and 1932. There were nine poultry farms in 1950,20 in 1957, and 608 in 1975.

Poultry farms specializing in egg production have 100,000 to 1 million laying hens, which yield 20 to 250 million eggs annually. Meat poultry farms raise 1 to 4 million chickens a year, 250,000 to 500,000 turkeys or 500,000 to 1 million ducks. The technological process is organized on a commercial basis. The farms have special facilities for maintaining the parent flock, incubating the eggs, raising the young, maintaining the commercial hen or meat chick flocks, killing and dressing the poultry, sorting and packing the eggs, and processing poultry by-products. Each operation is organized in such a way as to ensure the continuous flow of the technological process.

Some poultry farms are organized to specialize in certain operations—for example, the production of hybrid chicks, the raising of replacement hens, or the production of eggs and meat. Production is based on the use of highly productive hybrid poultry and nutritionally balanced feed rations, the regulation of rearing conditions, the mechanization and automation of production processes, the scientific organization of labor, and the coordination of work in all the sections of the farm. Layers are most effectively kept in wide poultry houses in deep litter and in cage batteries. Broilers are slaughtered at 56 to 65 days of age, at a weight of 1,300–1,500 g, turkey poults at four months at a weight of 4–4.5 kg, and ducklings at two months at a weight of 2–2.5 kg.

Brooders and poultry houses for layers have cage batteries and are equipped with automatic waterers and mechanized food dispensers. The droppings are removed and the eggs are gathered mechanically. Wide poultry houses have mechanical food dispensers, automatic waterers, and egg-laying nests. Hatcheries are equipped with incubators that provide optimum conditions of incubation. Egg storehouses have machines for sorting, cleaning, and packing the eggs, and killing rooms have conveyor lines for processing the poultry. Feed-preparation shops are equipped with machines for preparing the rations. Measures to guarantee sanitary feeding conditions, rearing conditions, and production processes have been introduced at poultry farms.

On the Borovskii Poultry Farm in Tiumen’ Oblast gross egg production in 1974 totaled 247.5 million eggs. Each chicken laid 256 eggs, with a feed consumption of 1.66 kg per ten eggs; labor expenditure for the production of 1,000 eggs was 2.14 man-hours. In 1974 the Vilnius Broiler Farm in the Lithuanian SSR raised 2,110,000 chicks, which at 68 days of age weighed an average of 1,889 g. Feed consumption per 1 centner of meat was 2.99 centners of feed units; labor expenditure was 3.8 man-hours. In 1970, a total of 6.7 billion eggs were produced on poultry farms in the USSR; the total weight gain was 214,600 tons. In 1974, 16 billion eggs were produced, and there was a weight gain of 434,000 tons.

Large poultry farms are found in the United States, Great Britain, France, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Bulgaria, and other countries.


Kondratiuk, N. D. Ekonomika i organizatsiia ptitsefabrik. Moscow, 1965.
Organizatsiia i tekhnologiia proizvodstva broilerov. Moscow, 1968.
Promyshlennoe ptitsevodstvo: Spravochnik. Moscow, 1971.


References in periodicals archive ?
As temperatures have changed drastically in recent times, the APO urges poultry farms to strengthen measures to keep chickens warm and protect them from hazards such as rapid temperature fluctuations.
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If things had gone differently and Keith and Sheila had not had the idea and vision to diversify, the poultry farm may have closed before the visitor centre was even opened.
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The post Cull ordered after bird flu virus found on Austrian poultry farm appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
We have to be careful with the temperature and ensure it stays at 32C because they're just out of the hatchery," owner Ali Mahdi, who also owns Alharamain Poultry Farm, told the GDN.
Freiji demanded a quick transfer of poultry farms to remote areas that are far from residential areas within six years, as well as the suspension of licenses provision to farms in residential areas.
A one-kilometre protection zone was put in place around Craigies Poultry Farm near Dunfermline, where a case of H5N1 avian influenza was identified among chickens.
Tokyo, Safar 24, 1436, Dec 16, 2014, SPA -- The government of the Miyazaki Prefecture in southern Japan on Tuesday morning reported that three birds at a poultry farm in the city of Nobeoka have tested positive for a highly pathogenic H5 strain of avian influenza.
Maryland project to convert poultry manure to electricity: An Eastern Shore Maryland poultry farm has received a state grant of $970,000 that it will use to install a manure-to-energy technology system that could reduce the farm's nutrient pollution by 90 percent.