psychosomatic medicine

(redirected from Power of suggestion)
Also found in: Medical, Acronyms.

psychosomatic medicine

(sī'kōsōmăt`ĭk), study and treatment of those emotional disturbances that are manifested as physical disorders. The term psychosomatic emphasizes essential unity of the psyche and the soma, a combination rooted in ancient Greek medicine. Common disorders caused at least partly by psychological factors include childhood asthmaasthma
, chronic inflammatory respiratory disease characterized by periodic attacks of wheezing, shortness of breath, and a tight feeling in the chest. A cough producing sticky mucus is symptomatic.
..... Click the link for more information.
, certain gastrointestinal problems, hypertension, endocrine disturbances, diabetes, and possibly even heart disease. In most psychosomatic conditions there is some interaction between psychological factors and physiological predisposition to the illness. Sigmund FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
..... Click the link for more information.
, at the end of the 19th cent., laid the scientific groundwork for psychosomatic study, with his theoretical formulations based on new methods of treating hysteriahysteria
, in psychology, a disorder commonly known today as conversion disorder, in which a psychological conflict is converted into a bodily disturbance. It is distinguished from hypochondria by the fact that its sufferers do not generally confuse their condition with real,
..... Click the link for more information.
. His methods were reinforced by the psychobiology of the American psychiatrist Adolf Meyer and the research of the American physiologist W. B. Cannon on the physiological effects of acute emotion. The treatment of psychosomatic ailments may involve a medical regimen as well as some form of psychotherapypsychotherapy,
treatment of mental and emotional disorders using psychological methods. Psychotherapy, thus, does not include physiological interventions, such as drug therapy or electroconvulsive therapy, although it may be used in combination with such methods.
..... Click the link for more information.
 for the patient. In recent years, psychosomatic medicine has been subsumed under the broader field of behavioral medicine, which includes the study of a wider range of physical ailments. Understanding the psychological causes of various ailments is crucial: studies suggest that a large percentage of deaths are rooted in behavior. In the 1960s, concepts related to conditioning gained prominence, as researchers found that humans and animals could learn to control their autonomic nervous system responses, usually involved in psychosomatic complaints. Emerging from this research came the technique of biofeedback that provides individuals with information concerning their own physiological responses, which they may begin to alter through conscious techniques of control. The newest area of research related to psychosomatic medicine has been called psychoneuroimmunology, the study of the interactions of the endocrine system, central nervous system, and immune system. Researchers believe that studies of these biological systems can help to show how an individual becomes vulnerable to illness.

Bibliography

See J. M. Kuldau, ed., Treatment for Psychosomatic Problems (1982); C. P. Wilson and I. L. Mintz, ed., Psychosomatic Symptoms (1989).

References in classic literature ?
It is in this power of suggestion that the Chinese poets excel.
For some who read the self-help book, it holds a power of suggestion that brings to life their darkest fear and puts them under control of a mysterious force.
Rather than having a huge, sweeping town, we wanted to use the power of suggestion and engage the imagination.
I think we underestimate the power of suggestion and how our minds work.
Harness the placebo effect and the power of suggestion to increase chances of achieving the best treatment outcomes.
After all, the power of suggestion not only could ease shopper decision-making, but also could boost loyalty to your store brands and your banner.
The courses use methods unlike those used in traditional language teaching, using the power of suggestion to make studying fun, quick and effective.
Kim-Cohen, a former member of the bands Number One Cup and the Fire Show, and the author of In the Blink of an Ear: Toward a Non-Cochlear Sonic Art (2009), pitched his altruistic gesture as a way of acting as midwife to new kinds of music by first describing them verbally, imagining new subgenres into being through the power of suggestion.
Various other studies have shown that the power of suggestion can help people perform better in tests and even influence how well they respond to drug treatments, also known as the "placebo effect".
It may sound confusing but the power of suggestion can be all-consuming.
The article is based on Michael Yapko's recent book, Mindfulness and Hypnosis: The Power of Suggestion to Transform Experience (Norton, 2011) and looks at the similarities and differences between hypnosis and mindfulness.