prairies


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Related to prairies: Canadian Prairies

prairies,

generally level, originally grass-covered and treeless plains of North America, stretching from W Ohio through Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa to the Great Plains region. The prairie belt also extends into N Missouri, S Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, E North and South Dakota, and S Canada. Many of the prairies of the world were formerly used for grazing purposes, but more and more are now coming under cultivation; hence they are often referred to today as the "vanishing grasslands." The soil of the prairies is basically a black chernozemchernozem
or black earth,
variety of soil rich in organic matter in the form of humus. It is generally a modified type of loess. True chernozem is black in color, but there are various grades, shading off into gray and chestnut-brown soils.
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, which is extremely fertile. The prairies correspond to the PampaPampa
, city (1990 pop. 19,959), seat of Gray co., extreme N Tex. This cow town on the Panhandle plains still ships cattle and wheat and packs meat, but the discovery of oil and gas has made it an industrial center with refineries and other oil-based industries.
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 of Argentina, the llanosllanos
, Spanish American term for prairies, specifically those of the Orinoco River basin of N South America, in Venezuela and E Colombia. The llanos of the Orinoco are a vast, hot region of rolling savanna broken by low-lying mesas, scrub forest, and scattered palms.
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 in northern South America, the steppesteppe
, temperate grassland of Eurasia, consisting of level, generally treeless plains. It extends over the lower regions of the Danube and in a broad belt over S and SE European and Central Asian Russia, stretching E to the Altai and S to the Transbaykal and Manchurian plains.
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 of Eurasia, and the highveld (see veldveld
or veldt
[Du.,=field], term applied to the grassy undulating plateaus of the Republic of South Africa and of Zimbabwe. The veld comprises territory of varying elevation—the highveld (4,000–6,000 ft/1,220–1,830 m), the middleveld
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) of South Africa. Because they have the favorable climate and soil fertility characteristic of prairies, the wheat belts in the United States, Ukraine, and the Pampa of Argentina are among the world's most productive agricultural regions.

Bibliography

See R. Manning, Grassland (1995); S. R. Jones and R. C. Cushman, The North American Prairie (2004).

References in periodicals archive ?
Prairie dogs have their own language, and humans have the ability to master it.
The pocket prairies have received a boost in popularity since Texas' devastating drought.
A well-seasoned biologist with the knowledge gained in a lifetime in the coastal region of the South, Vidrine chronicles the demise of coastal prairies due primarily to human activities and development.
May 5 /PRNewswire/ -- The Prairie Club, a new, much anticipated, world-class golf destination set in the heart of Nebraska's Sandhills, will make its debut May 31, 2010.
Robert Evers observed the effects of woody invasion on some hill prairies following his initial study and began accumulating data for a second publication, but was unable to complete the work.
The twenty-five poets are representative of a younger generation of writers who are from this Canadian region, and this collection can be read as a report on the state of the poetic art on the prairies.
376) talks of restoring prairies to an earlier state, but if the concepts summarized in Charles C.
Native prairie plants are plants that originated naturally on the prairies of Canada and the United States.
Yet in one of the most compelling environmental success stories of the past 30 years, the Midwest has experienced a prairie renaissance--the widespread restoration of prairies and related ecosystems, such as oak savannas, to ecological health.
So working to restore the prairies is a good fit for me.
A handful of black-and-white photographs illustrate discussions of variations between prairies, and how best to preserve prairies and the thriving life they support for the future.