Pramoedya Ananta Toer


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Pramoedya Ananta Toer,

1925–2006, modern Indonesia's preeminent writer of fiction, b. Blora, Java. The son of a nationalist headmaster, he was a longtime journalist, involved left-wing politics from the 1940s until his death. Pramoedya, who wrote in Bahasa Indonesia, composed his first novel, The Fugitive (1950, tr. 1975), while serving a sentence (1947–49) in a Dutch prison camp for anticolonial activities. Later he wrote a number of novels and stories set during the Japanese occupation and during and after Dutch rule. When SuhartoSuharto
or Soeharto
, 1921–2008, president of Indonesia (1967–98). A veteran of the war for independence (1945–49) against the Dutch, he became army chief of staff in 1965.
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 seized power in 1965, Pramoedya was beaten, arrested, and imprisoned for 14 years. Held for a decade on Buru, a remote island penal colony, he was not permitted to write for many years. He told stories to his fellow prisoners, however, and when he was finally allowed a typewriter, these tales formed the basis of his epic fictional masterpiece, The Buru Quartet, a chronicle of a Javanese journalist coming of age in the latter years of Dutch colonialism. Following his release (1979), Pramoedya lived under house arrest for 13 years. Nonetheless, the Buru novels were published as This Earth of Mankind, Child of All Nations (both: 1980, tr. 1982), Footsteps (1985, tr. 1990), and House of Glass (1988, tr. 1992). Critically acclaimed, enormously popular, and translated into more than 20 languages, these and his more than 25 other works were subsequently banned in Indonesia. Among his other books are The Girl from the Coast (1982, tr. 2002), a novel, and The Mute's Soliloquy (1989–91, tr. 1999), a searing prison memoir. Many of his stories were translated in the collections A Heap of Ashes (1975), Tales from Djakarta (1999), and All That Is Gone (2004).

Bibliography

See A. Vlchek and R. Indira, Exile: Conversations with Pramoedya Ananta Toer (2006); study by B. Hering, ed. (1995).

Toer, Pramoedya Ananta

 

Born Feb. 6, 1925, in Blora, central Java. Indonesian writer. A leading representative of the “1945 Generation”; since the mid-1950’s, a member of the Society of People’s Culture (Lekra).

From 1947 to 1949, Toer was a victim of repression by the Dutch military administration. In prison he wrote the short-story collections Sparks of Revolution (published 1950), The Dawn (published 1950), and Crippled Souls (published 1951). He also wrote the novels Persecution (published 1950), Partisan Family (published 1950), and On the Bank of the Bekasi River (published 1947; Russian translation, 1965). These works, which contain elements of pacifism and protest against all forms of violence, express the theme of sacrifice for the victory of the Indonesian revolution.

Subsequently, Toer wrote collections of short stories that stressed social criticism, for example, This Is Not a Fair (1951), Stories of Blora (1952; translated into Russian as About What Passed, 1957), and Stories of Jakarta (1957); he also wrote the novel Corruption (1954). Toer is also the author of publicist monographs. He has translated works by foreign writers, including Soviet Russian writers, into Indonesian.

After the events of 1965, Toer was arrested and sent to a concentration camp on the island of Buru.

WORKS

Midah, simanis bergigi emas. [Bukittinggi-Jakarta] 1962.
In Russian translation:
Eto bylo v luzhnom Bantene. Moscow, 1961.

REFERENCES

Smurova, N. M. “Tvorcheskii put’ Pramud’i Ananty Tura.” In the collection Voprosy filologii stran Iugo-Vostochnoi Azii. [Moscow] 1965.
Teeuw, A. Modern Indonesian Literature. The Hague, 1967.

V. V. SIKORSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
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Despite the volume's broad range, Reid frames it as a response to the view held by many Marxist intellectuals--voiced by the late Indonesian author Pramoedya Ananta Toer and the prominent scholar Benedict Anderson amongst others--that the Indonesian revolution is incomplete in that it has failed to advance from an anti-imperialist bourgeois revolution into the next (supposedly ideal) phase of a proletarian revolution.
3) Idrus-a writer who Pramoedya Ananta Toer describes as his teacher-is a paradox within the military written history of this country.
In the current era, Indonesia has been represented by many writers, the greatest of whom is Pramoedya Ananta Toer, internationally famous for his remarkable Buru Quartet, which he wrote while being imprisoned by Suharto in the raw jungle island of Buru for 14 years.
of New York-Graduate Center and Baruch College) looks at the extended narratives--trilogies and tetrologies--by Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Wilson Harris, Nuruddin Farah, and Assia Djebar.
Rather than the official stories, Vickers chooses as his guide the dissident writer Pramoedya Ananta Toer.
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Prominent writer Pramoedya Ananta Toer, dubbed Indonesia's Albert Camus, was buried at a Jakarta cemetery Sunday afternoon, attended by family members, close friends and admirers of his works.
The Buru Quartet by Pramoedya Ananta Toer (Out of print) An epic about the stirrings of Indonesian independence, written, ironically, while Toer was in prison